Replacing slow, more costly, unsustainable transportation and utilities.
The PRT global jet speed guideway and global fully automated deep geothermal electric supply is designed to be the best possible single system, massproduced and self delivered to all users as a supplier of all energy, personal mobility, public utilities and delivery needs.
One well thought out construction and manufacturing set of designs might do everything more efficiently than all the other specialized industries, modes, infrastructures and vehicle designs.
Applied physics is the guide. Cost to benefit ratio comparative economics and logistics systems defines the tasks we apply the physics to. Servicing variables shape the user controlled artificial or AI like operating decisions.
The global guideway is autonomus on demand guideway vehicles, dispatched in seconds to cell phone or pier service button users. This provides global robotic fully grade separated anywhere access, faster than commercial jets, cheaper than any railway, more convenient than any road vehicle use, all low enough in cost to be built competitively over the top of all existing vehicle, utilities and property uses.
A recreational trip or daily commute, getting a gallon of milk or needing to ship a million tons of water or grain are equally handled by the same all purpose vehicle. Many vehicles move the world’s commerce and population everywhere door to door, needing no undesirable slowing or stops in route. This is providing what people need not just what limited ideas have lead them to believe is possible.
The global guideway has to be made up of millions of integrated, collective user directed, autonomus suspended monorail PRT vehicle’s, and supporting machines, serving widely varied needs.
All common existing automated systems have defects in easy to use interfaces and occasional failures. Short service lives with constant obsolensence and not adaptable to improvements in performance Is common. Knowing what might work best is difficult.
All guideway problems must be solved at once with no good working systems examples to follow. Every standard component needs to be flexible, using better than classic PRT redundancy.
The guideway can be a superior replacement for about two thirds of the user cost of the Earth bound economy, connected today only by slow market delivery, layered costly distribution road rail and ocean systems. Data travels fast, goods and people move slowly.
The guideway can be incrementally debt retired locally at less than a tenth the operating cost of the replaced economic cost segments.
About four decades after start up of impact-invested production this system could be evolving towards nearly free energy, decentralized financial and government management and jet speed transportation for every person and business on the planet to everywhere. Robotic financial management separation is required.
A PRT style guideway is a structural instead of data based traffic management, hazard avoidance and navigation simplification system. The skinny vehicle’s are locked into the guideway.
Each vehicle receives local transmited cooperative traffic and user phone dispatch signals plus local directory data, information on traffic capacity deficits, alternate routes and speed brackets that sets closure rates, joining and leaving trains and maneuvering timing. Separately vehicles and trains of cooperative vehicles work out adjacent merges.
When there is no labor or investors and their share of taxes and benefits to support, a AI industry can operate like a robotic self supporting charity. This is physical user choice guided robotic self management. The few maintainence employees could be local real time electronic assisted contractors.
This is a first time in history creation of an all purpose, selfless, robotic customer interest institution. This has to be created by service oriented low margin profit motive manufacturers who sell the best possible robotic and structural product to a global to local guideway trust that is controlled as a user controlled direct daily democratic coop. A new model for verifiable electronic democracy is proposed.
Autonomus guideway constructing and operating robot machine systems manage themselves like hundreds of millions of seperate local to global user serving cooperative businesses.
The creating industries could make profits on unimaginable sales volumes sold direct to user controlled cooperatives but avoid the possible fluctuating economic risks from their products local user, operation, maintenance, liabilities, regulations and taxes.
To be unpaid machine AI chairity workers, the robot vehicles and equipment have to be separated from control by govornment and business providers. Sociopathic management is more common than altruistic management at ever higher levels of control. Sociopathy can not recognize it’s deficiencies in robots or humans. All behaviors seem normal usually beyond ethical considerations, inside minds.
The resultant recycled self reproducing mostly robotic economy can evolve to be materials sustainable for large populations for millions of years into our future.
A global access everywhere but local geothermal powered electric guideway is an integrated commercial and personal delivery vending machine that relies on human control of AI management of every vehicle’s operation. With no ominous central computer, anywhere grid access jet speed PRT would become humanities best friend and true institutional savior.
The global robot guideway and energy machine management system is no more a slave to humans than the unfeeling large sky scraper building elevator and air temperature control and communications systems we use today. We should never create human ego like programs for such systems, only responsive vending machine management. You can still responsively talk with your vending machines.
Proposed here is automatic suggestive AI idea category sorting and cross reference systems described further on. Combined with progressive goal AI personal assistant software on every bodie‘s smart phone, absent a Big Brother neural network, offering personal motivation and organization guidance. Poverty might be mostly eliminated. Differential wealth and opportunities will always exist, but ajusted by cheaper fast guideway services for all.
Wealth and arbitrary power is rarely a promoter of productivity improvements but always willing to take the credit and profits.
Happiness and personal mental and activity expansion is the ideal goal directed by personal smart phone advisors, assisting every individual‘s decisions. Evolutionary conformity verses creativity is a built in human mind flaw. Persistent outside advice might help most of us learn new mems.
Thousands of writing sessions were required for this first stage identifying and outlining of these ideas. Years yet are required to input all the collected ideas in this third internet presentation try. The first cruder 298 page presentation was a little over twenty years ago. Preceding this was about 9,000 pages of descriptions and aproximately ten thousand alternative component design sketches, seeking all possibile modal and component improvements resuting from several million pages of transportation, energy and production processes technical searches. This has resulted from at least 18,000 hours of personal research into fully automated aircraft speed, miniature scale, transportation systems, starting over 38 years ago
Road, rail and air vehicle uses would all work better on guideways, where collisions are easier to avoid and useful speed limits on straight PRT train carrying spans are at just below the speed of sound everywhere.
The global guideway vehicle idea is tiny at about 3 to 4 feet in body diameter, but long slender PRT vehicle operation, Proposed are tubular entraining, suspended self lowering access and emergency egress anywhere monorails. Think of the guideways as providing slender low drag body stiffness no longer requiring large vehicles.
These use TV occupant vision and vehicle machine operation vision in windowless vehicles.
I started out trying to develope group service suspended monorail ideas at 32 square feet of frontal area, from my being use to using passenger vans compared to busses, railway cars and trucks in carrying passengers, goods and commodities. This quickly dropped in the first three years to 9 square feet of low drag frontal body area and always two single file seats.
The only way to increase vehicle speed per ton or passenger mile while lowering user cost, is to lower drag or energy cost while at the same time decrease linear access capital investment at every possible property access point or grid mile.
This was occurring in thought processes after looking at the low drag of human powered, maximally streamlined vehicles or enclosed bicycles that soon were able to go over 80 MPH using the just over 2 HP sustainable by an athlete.
In time this attempt at a global mobility systems ideal universal vehicle standard increased to between 14 to 18 square feet frontal area of cylindrical pressurized vehicle bodies. The trade off was between smaller, everywhere lighter networked, faster, lowest cost transportation infrastructure and passenger emotional comfort with the minimum cross section needed to carry all items people might ever need.
There has never been a real need for automobiles, trucks, railways, large jet aircraft and heavy equipment if known developers had made some version of a miniature fully automated high speed 1890s guideway. All other vehicles require a need for ever larger versions to be more efficiently controlled by ever fewer wage earning operators. Hence larger less flexible and slower machines using massive mostly unoccupied facilities.
More compact machine tools and mechanical systems of all kinds will evolve to no longer need expensive large vehicle mobility.
The inter continental movement to gargantuizum is increased because we lacked to this day making smaller faster low drag vehicles that use floating subsurface tethered ocean crossing tubes from which larger ships and jumbo jet economies of dynamic and crew cost reducing scales evolved.
We are stuck now with about $7 trillion yearly being invested in fuel burning infrastructure for profit and about $15 trillion globally tied by habitual commitments every year to the false temporary prosperity of a global fuel burning vehicle economy. Every decade ever smaller percentages of populations make their living off financialization and transportation towards the main social goal the centralization of wealth and power.
This global guideway shifts investments towards globally interconnected producers chasing increasing shorter term economic gins driving consumption of only unsustainable cost to benefit ratio products and producing systems.
We started automating industries and amusement automatons about 200 years ago. Similar but different in design automation systems could have eliminated most of the need for human control, allowing for PRT vehicle routing dispatch and traffic operation by the 1870s. Similar to railway interlocking, preventing collisions existed before electronics was possible, but rarely pursued except in limited high speed production machinery.
Every global jet speed guideway vehicle requires segmentally progressive cellularly inflated, minimal drag, conical over 3:1 aspect streamling on both ends as described further on.
Absent small frontal areas, in longer suspended monorail everywhere station free access PRT vehicle trains or vehicle smooth sided groups, it is presently impossible without using limited loading and unloading access evacuated tubes to provide fast inexpensive transportation.
It is impossible to create aerodynamic lift vehicles of any kind to be as efficient as hard wheel and rail supported high elongation vehicles without the introduction of cheap mass decoupling. Artifical and repulsion electric micro gravity issues like the history of PRT are up to you to research.
Even a 9 square foot tubular cross section vehicle is capable of carrying, in long trains, hundreds of tons of goods or commodities at jet speed freight railroad costs. Longer trains and many trains of such slender vehicles with dragster acceleration and deceleration regenerative rates can move well over 50,000 tons a line hour using a ultra low cost light weight monorail guideway.
Such systems components have been demonstrated many times over in the last 135 years but always at the wrong scale, mechanism or structural design.
These small vehicles are large enough to carry all people’s desired movements and goods, faster than commercial jets, but cheaper than heavy freight railways while being low cost enough to reach nearly every house and commercial and popularly accessed spot directly on the planet. No secondary delivery road or air vehicle system is required, no streets, rural roads, highways, docks
or air ports.
The vehicles need to access every property at ground level or with property owner choice inside building and home entries. Using automatic doors for suspended small monorails. The combined vehicle and guideway size passes through a doorway slightly larger than a commercial super market single walk door.
The best known useable design for a total fuel burning free transportation system is suspended inline pancake wheel motors with top and bottom disc guide wheels, in a slot straddeling suspended monorail overhead. The edges of the motors have narrow 400 to 600 tooth limited slip equalized torque gear rings that run on accurate pitch diameter gear tooth rails on either side of the slot.
Chains of usually two to eight, most often five of these motors have to support vehicles that are linearly ultra light weight, about the linear weight of small automobiles or lighter if possible.
To keep guideway materials costs down they have to be high structural cross section guideways. Basalt fiber composit truss lattice cross tube sets have looped ends with locking wedges in them that allow shaping the spans to any imaginable easement and alignment. These insulating trusses and a corrugated basalt roof section and side rain shedding and bird stop panels fit over five to eight metal longitudinal tubular stringers. This keeps the weather out but reduces the air resistance through the span walls to reduce vehicle interference drag to a minimum. Streamlining all minimal practical frontal area gap free trains and vehicle’s and running gear to .06 or less Cd. Is not alone enough. Commonly shown solid small tubular PRT guideway beams can cause 40% of drag. Small wheel diameters limit wear life at the highest possible jet speeds.
The suspended vehicles are need to each self lower vertically from the guideway anywhere under stop on line access grids, beside or into all properties and buildings now served by road vehicles. The access guideway grids replace millions of square miles of side streets, alleyways, parking lots and rural roads everywhere.
In a few decades after the guideways arrive the roads could be removed as desired and replaced with structures, park gardens and farm field land between. Fully automated planting and maintaining machines could even farm local unused urban lands of any plot size or issolation.
The guideways are a way to automaticly increase forest areas every where desired with spaced out and trimmed tiered production vegetation For unlimited food sources. Gardened open property Earth becomes a reality in less than a century from the change over.
Climates improve to fit the new land cover conditions. Increased thermal energy and accepted higher green house gas levels increase the northern useable occupied land area. Surface evaporation control cover, green house farms and unlimited guideway water supplies allows this global production system almost every where.
Higher speed lower cost mobility over time disperses urban areas to where they would blend into country sides because daily your personal speed of commute travel would be between about 200 MPH to well over 18,000 MPH on ET3 as the eventual weightless surface speed. It takes anywhere from three seconds to fifteen minutes for acceleration and deceleration at either end to this wide speed range for average people and goods movements.
Roadways are always more costly to build and maintain, self deteriorating, add significantly to flooding problems and stand in the way of utility access and flexible property management decisions adding to the cost of property ownership. Road vehicle systems are a tolerated global liability in the presence of always unquestioning management and engineering conformisum.
Imagine a fast transportation world, without requiring a single bit of land devoted to road surface and massive bridge right of ways, airports, railways or tens of thousands of square miles of hard surfaces, parking lots, local massive warehousing and garages everywhere. Surplus paved facilities can find other uses such as local building panel production platforms.
A separate set of amusement park scale light railway rails on the top of the guideway monorail beams allows new guideway parts to travel at lower conventional road and railroad speeds and work on everything around the underside not disturbing the suspended monorail traffic underneath. Large and longer structures including large building panels can be carried over this top line. This idea was proposed in the 1970s era German Cabin taxi prototype PRT system. Unlike elevated railways this top system’s vehicles are cleated to the rails, like roller coasters, unable to derail and tip off the top Just as the suspended general service vehicles are locked in by the guideway structure. Not exceeding windage and off set load torsional beam structural limits and compacting the combined overall grade separated crossing heights requires many new design features described further on.
Since the guideways are already elevated high above the highest truck and railroad traffic all crossings are grade separated with little overpassing grade changes required. Bidirectional differing crossing tier levels would predominate.
The vehicles can self lower from the highest normal access grid sections eliminating the high cost of elevated stations, or any platform or station stop preparation. Sidewalks for humans and slower wheeled robots and all weather streamlined peddled vehicles become the new sidewalk scale street systems.
The guideway design proposed here can replace all buried utilities on the planet, usually at a lower cost with the fully elevated easy access tubular metal structural channels of the guideway open side and bottom basalt fiber composit insulated lattice truss beans carrying fiber optics in the high DC voltage tubes and occasionally water in the small mild winter area heated grounded side structural tubes.
Eventually all electricity can be at-property inverted using the guideway loop main DC power supply from local guideway geothermal sources. No power company using any present sources and seperate new built distribution can likely deliver electricity this inexpensively. Energy companies get folded into the automated guideway developments. Guideway electricity can become quickly cheaper than natural gas as a heating source.
We still will need to capture and use up surface bleed natural gas from millions of square miles of land surfaces resulting from fracking, permafrost melt and deep water area melting of methane hydrates. The oil companies morph into recyclable basalt or glass fiber reinforced plastic sheeting manufacturers.
Green house farming predictability and water conservation might eventually exceed the area of open field work. Agriculture becomes more stable as the guideways can carry many cubic miles of water everywhere every year. Deep geothermal waste heat can locally desalinate sea water over isolated land areas.
The global guideways are less than half the cost of access street grids to build. To rebuild and operate vehicles over the guideways are about 1/10th the present average road vehicle operating combined costs. One small guideway vehicle replaces about 15 mixed cars and trucks in global useage still providing individual local mobility services most of the time without ever seeing any form of traffic congestion. Group coordinated stadium crowd loading and unloading was covered two decades ago by Doug Makewicki.
Weather and surface traffic hazards are avoided so speed is limited only by efficiency from low frontal area drag and very high efficiency large diameter but skinny, new wheel motor designs.
You have never seen a guideway design like this because no company or govornment has ever decided to build even one demonstration example. There has been one test example that worked well for 1889 when it was built around the fairgrounds at Laurel Maryland. It’s top demonstrated dash speed was just over 150 MPH sustaing for over a hundred running miles at between about 110 to 120 MPH. A much faster 300 MPH test track was being surveyed near Garden City Long Island when Weems the Baltimore developer ran out of money and gave up in 1892. Not one person or group pursued this wheel motor maximum speed design path there after.
In the mean time a slower linear motor version test track was built in 1913 at Paterson New Jersey. These less published developers were working on solving the inefficiency problems of linear motors using remote magnetic read swithces for fully automated selective route control of 80 MPH vehicles. They found no investor acceptance.
The guideways can replace high cost bricks and mortar educations with mobile guideway personal expierience education access. This might combine personal cell phone assistance remote instruction and testing and organizing focused learning activities for individuals and groups of students of all ages. Once in place global education programs can replace most human teachers and allow monitoring-parents a companion learning oportunity based on high access to every place at aircraft speed and low cost.
Never did the 1953 idea of ultra light PRT vehicles emerge until about 1968. After that year the original minimalist single person vehicle principles were abandoned in favor of minibus and taxicab scale vehicles for no good reasons. Until the Skytran original proposal, ideal scaling in transportation, about 1990, never was before publicly considered for fast low drag vehicles.
All purpose, stand alone, total replacement, autonomus PRT operates without interruption, never needing a special station stop or platform investment. PRT is sheltered from freezing rain, desert sun, and snow drifts of any common depth, running above all surface flooding.
The vehicles are as cheap to build as autonomus automobiles but able to travel continuously faster in trains up to the allowed shock wave noise producing speed limit. Every standard utility PRT vehicle puts on one to two million miles a year. The more yearly miles each vehicle travels the faster it pays back it’s cost at a lower user per mile cost.
Design running gear potentials are about twice the speed of sound but incur higher wear at these speeds without elargening the in-line wheel motors to about two meters in diameter instead of the one meter proposed. A new form of dense maglev rail may be better But remains illusive.
Aircraft fast PRT is a fraction as difficult as slow automated trucks and taxis in mixed traffic with 360 degree hazards and automation decisions, pets, farm and wild animals and pedestrians on winter ice and foggy nights. None of this slows the hazard free well designed guideways. No hitting deer.
At 90% of Hyperloop speeds the cost per seat or ton mile of this form of PRT is less due to not needing separate street and rural road systems and vehicles for access in connecting vehicles. The guideways are cheap enough to be built to most farm land and all city streets. Jet speed PRT comes to the homes direct connecting people on demand to the globes places and products. The energy costs are similar but not as cheap as limited access ET3.
This is the only known presentation of large shaft ultra deep, nearly all local or neighborhood geothermal energy required to power the global guideways and all domestic and industrial energy needs for 10,000 to about 50,000 years. This CO2 transfered geothermal is water pollution free, non stop, needing no fuel peaking or reserve power storage back up system.
9 to 13 miles deep geothermal toughens the earths crust and stability over time, but will be probably be slightly exceeded in consumption than made up for by thermal migration from the hot mantle, so is a non renewable energy source. In some places this can provide cheap electricity over hundreds of thousands of years. This is so abundant that after tens to hundreds of thousands of years we will probably figure out a replacement for the deficit. Thermal radiation loss balance into space remains uncertain even in the controlled absence of green house gases.
This is a starting point from basics in designing towards possible transportation and energy perfection on the first try. Like all new ideas this is a hard sell. I have never found a way to talk people of any specialized education level into looking objectively at the ideas which are dispersed through out this site. People are habitual mental and social creatures, defenders of their secure mutual familiar experiences, not wanting to step out of collective familiar mental safety zones.
Physics and demonstrated mass production equipment sets the narrow path to these guideway designs. Operating turbine engines, aircraft, space vehicles, race cars and emerging complex vehicle autonomus robotics tells us what we can expect from structures and mechanisms under loads, operational reliability and longevity.
We know exactly how to pursue refining a global guideway’s design details, but because it is socially and mentally discomforting and deferentially hard we chose not to try it. Jobs, whole industries and professions are as at risk of total economy bypassing, failure from obsolescence and their demonstrated inabilities to not be able to adapt to complex changes.
Artificial intelligence is unlikely to take over because it has no ego accept as we program for it and no genetic and emotional sensory attachment base to the resources and realities people enjoy interacting with. A mouse expieriences more pleasure than a self learning biologically unattached global computer.
The global guideway is the ideal accelerator for an artificial intelligent feared take over. Proposed is totally decentralized zero central computer controlled vehicles using property owner management of local access with fully automated nondescretionary cooperative segmental management of the 5% of the guideways that are not local access but are global connector miles. Debt retirement and maintainence functions should require neither a human or computer discretionary function not to be confused with AI activity.
Even discussing a total transportation single mode replacement is difficult because it can not practically work exactly like anything that has ever been done before. People want the comfort of familiarity. No amount of data or comparisons seems to over come seeking comfort in familiar ideas. Varying design preferences favoring conventional PRT and simplistic autonomus road vehicle ideas out number best global guideway forms by thousands to one.
The internet and archives are packed with well intentioned bad ideas often in the hope of maybe making a personal profit In an easier to enter small existing market segment.
How do you start up a $60 trillion global guideway capital industry that seems to require being every where all at one time to be viable? This is no different than building the first of anything like telephones, where it will find the most prolific market place or serving hundreds of these areas then connect them together as advantages emerge.
This proposal is for a non profit public trust global guideway entity that is automatically self managing, paying off investments as fast as possible, with competitively much more efficient faster services systems.
Increasing global productivity is defeated constantly by the failed systems of nationalism and investor capitalism. Higher velocity of money growth requires faster investment and product through put as well as faster consumer turn over of earnings. This creates increasing productive wealth filling in the poorest emerging economies first, assuming they can shake off preguduices against universal maximum education, allowing people to take on the more complex world challenges. A lot to think about, more to learn.
In about 1834 the father of the US patent office created numbered patent number one. This idea combined with precision machining and the improved metallurgy that followed, combined with more logical design considerations and a leap ahead in the 1850s electric motor ideas might have eliminated by the 1890s any reason to ever pave a highway or operate a commercial aircraft. This proposal fills in this global technical development dark ages of the last two centuries.
I happen to be a romantic lover of sunsets and river valleys, forests and quaint urban neighborhoods. The outcome of the last centuries technical commercial evolutionary developments is a hot fully cloud covered world of too warm to swim in equatorial oceans. Proposed here is a logical fuel burning bypassing revolution.
The 3D global guideway eliminates any need to ever again create earth moving in right of way cuts and fills or leveling sites for buildings to accommodate the surrounding transportation and single level factories because of the inadequacies of in plant mobility that can be replaced by bringing the global guideway vehicles inside the plants on guideway transfer table overhead cranes instead of using lift trucks.
Eliminated is all future need for large heavy machinery, replaced by aircraft light high section moment fast moving ground level freed up machines used to build similarly light surface structures. No massive earth moving will ever again be required for development accept for dam making.
Unfortunately I am the only proposer so far pursuing the global single mode total replacement guideway details, that I can find. There are two other self lowering PRT systems plus the Titan industries owner’s description to me in a phone conversation. And a US Army movie about an assault cable monorail , possibly a Titan project, I saw in the late 1950s.
There have been many thousands of people who have willingly given critical design advise that I sought and simple encouragement or occasional angrily criticizing the idea using every excuse possible to deride it. Never do they understand the as yet unseen details of self lowering, ultra light weight, jet speed, wheel supported and guided PRT. They are occasionally right in their negatives which in turn requires solutions to try to avoid their dire predictions. The detractors would have been against steamship, railroads, automobiles and aeroplane development.
Make lists of what is ideal and what is undesirable and everything we are doing today in transportation and energy, even public water and sewer utilities will be on the undesirable list in every way except that the present road based and high cost buried infrastructure already exists. In the total absence of a replacement design that is cost to benefit competitive there is nothing to compare with.
This proposal‘s designs leading to single mode all public utility operations can get along nicely without any land fills, incinerators, gravity sewer systems, electric power, lighting and phone line poles and buried networks, fire and police stations, and road and air lift ambulance services.
Standard multi purpose jet-fast self lowering guideway vehicles take over all of these functions and brand new types of personal activity, public services and commerce. This is identical to the introduction of smart phones with everywhere access to the internet. This can all occur during the global instant commerce transition at a much lower fully automated service cost. This is a universal transportation and all utility services global vending machine.
To be global the network requires ocean tube guideway highways, floating and angle tethered to the bottom by neutral buoyancy tethers about 100 feet below the surface. Air vent tubes float on the surface. Mid ocean geothermal power provides local electricity around which sea steading farms and community anchorages might build with jet speed guideway commerce to often more expensive to live in land areas.
The ocean guideway grid would go different routes than current shipping and airline lanes because crossing land is cheaper than ocean tube miles and large airport and harbor hubs are totally bypassed.
We have learned to work with the road vehicle at grade defects and universally in ignorance accept it‘s present accident and pollution yearly world death toll at about three million people a year as a blame it on the victims sacrifice for modern living. Two thirds of the world's impoverished emerging populations still do not own a personal vehicle. Paved road vehicle land hungry surface guideways are being built everywhere.
The PRT global elevated full length access and egress guideway is a all purpose, jet speed, personal autonomus vehicle, useable by any child or handicap or old person who can follow simple verbal or pictorial instructions to dial a phone can get themselves any where in the world they could afford the one to five cents a mile vehicle operational cost. Shared vehicle use costs less.
Each vehicle might commonly have about 18 cubic meters of cabin personal or moving partician subdivided space behind a possibly 1.5 square meter external frontal area, able to carry one or two or in longer lengths three tons.
Decision makers are universally opposed to PRT because they do not see in it a way for them or their institutions to leverage it or continue to make a living of it.
PRT saves money by eliminating all human management and long term investor profits. Ideally the guideway users control and pay for debt retirement as soon as possible. Automated installation systems cut costs about in half. The substitution for more expensive basalt composit cross wise and steel longitunals reduces materials weight enough that cheaper dirt fill, concrete and asphalt costs are greater considering line capacity and the elimination of parking and land area costs.
In large decision areas, like environmental collapse or technological end of improvement stagnation or global emerging single economy and govornment we have almost universal ethical disengagement as a govornment and corporate standard.
We want to go places quickly and get deliveries yesterday. Most people would enjoy cheap fast holidays a thousand miles to a coast for a warm swim or fishing and return for work the same day. People could hold jobs or get special schooling or visit relatives daily hundreds to thousands of miles from their homes. Everybodies roaming range would increase. most products could be automaticly delivered direct from the producer to globally distributed homes, nonstop world wide, faster than commercial limited range jets fly today, cheaper than Amazon or Walmart retailing. Recreational shopping will continue.
We have to develop ET3 evacuated tubes, better than Hyperloop, for unlimited future speed or make in air guideway vehicles that are easier to access that can travel at near the speed of sound but use little energy doing it. Road vehicles are slow even when fully autonomus and VTOL drone taxi and delivery systems are prone to catastrophic failures, not operable in really bad weather and a hundred times more expensive than the global guideway is to operate.
Most aerodynamic drag for short bodied vehicles is form or frontal area drag. As vehicles gain smooth longer end tapers this drag is reduced to a minimum of about 1/20 the square corner flat end drag, like most trucks, busses, ships and railroad bodies have. Reducing air resistance makes ideally streamlined short vehicles several times longer. By reducing the frontal area and increasing the length still farther, elongating the loads, you reduce the drag more with slight gains in skin friction up to bodies of about 20:1 length to cross section width ratio. This skin friction is also being reduced up to about 400 feet long in flexible trains of slender vehicles, where in still cross winds, skin drag reduction length advantage equalizes out as an inverse parabolic curve of decreasing drag to volume ratio. This is due to the air stream adjacent to the vehicle being attached to still air by layers of slipping turbulence or energized air the drag energy that propulsive power put into it in the first few frontal feet. Studies done on high speed railway drag give different results than studies done on shorter body aircraft drag.
Take an airliners passenger and cargo volume and many times it‘s loaded weight and stretch it out to 8 or more times it’s length, throw away the wings, tail, fuel and tanks and electricly propel it by pickup rail, with zero traction slip, at less than railway hard wheel on steel rail rolling friction, at one fortieth the wing load lift friction of the aircraft and you have this vehicle system. All together possibly 100 to 500 times more cost efficient than an aircraft and zero crew or terminal human operators are needed any more than you need an operator or manager for a push button controlled building elevator.
Add to this low cost electricity at one fifth or less the cost of fuel and you can carry grain and ore world wide at sea level (no crashing) guideways every where in the world direct farm or mine or factory to customer, bypassing multi handling and mark up delivery stages and you have a world economy with about one third or less the overhead cost. Product prices drop accordingly as well as capital productive efficencies increase.
Personal average wealth continues to rise causing decreasing population growth usually an outcome of poverty and low education levels. This allows totally integrated global trade and eventually tension free cosmopolitan global govornment, a global citizen identity and global free market.
The 6% of global transportation jobs disappear but for a time it will still take some factory workers to build the guideways and vehicles. In the 1980s when I first started collecting information on a global guideway the transportation job share was dropping steadily from about 9% of jobs. Retail jobs will start to disappear. They will have competition as the global guideway brings all on vehicle vending retail to the most remote and impoverished places from every other place nonstop in minutes to hours from moment of harvest prosseing or manufacturer packaging, nearly always in the same working days time.
This becomes the first safe walkable animal habitat world since railways and road vehicles we’re invented. The highly tapered end guideway designs would kill fewer birds than trucks, cars and building window impacts.
This is about creating a global overhead monorail structure that is eventually 40 million miles long, connecting nearly all buildings together with door to door shipping and travel access, faster than jets, more efficient than railways, creating lower cost multi ten thousand year cheap ultra deep geothermal steady state electric supply as the guideway grid advances and guideway automation recycling all human and eventually most natural wastes.
This is desired by all of us but not pursued by anybody so far. Even PRT advocates have never understood all of the details in one proposal
Modifying, improving and adding on to the existing systems is considered by absolutely all that publish as the only solution, not replacement with vastly superior systems, not even openly researching superior systems attributes.
PRT supporters have seen their fully automated and highest speed systems as contributors to a slow railroad, road and air vehicle world, not replacing the other modes but connecting them at the edges. Limited market goals leads to limited design performance expectations.
All new systems design criteria are treated as not possible or practical if they do not use road vehicle rubber traction running gear, flanaged railroad, wing supported aircraft or water displacement ships as the starting points. Nearly all PRT vehicle proposals use wheel systems similar to road and railroad wheels. All maglevs proposals so far are clumsy, bulky and inefficient.
in an PRT emergency stop, all vehicles behind the at risk vehicle, instantly progressively slow down with only the first following vehicles stopping at three Gs or faster, about four times faster stops than locked road vehicle brakes in stopping.
Closing the gaps in PRT traffic between vehicles while forming low drag trains of convienience at every opportunity is nesscessary to increase the traffic activity or merge and demerge spaces between vehicles. Center of train entry and exits at switches-turnouts is a coordinated activity of all the vehicles near by acting as one vehicle control system. Failure is not a possibility or the automation design.
This is the first in history micro tooth narrow gear wheel support and traction system. This is not a classic cog railway. The support is a varying small momentary spot arc segment gear tooth root contact angle and micro gear rail tooth barrel top.
The wheel motors are effectively rotary maglev systems with a low friction positive or zero slip gear traction mechanical motion support and propulsion contact. The maglev and motor close clearance gap is mechanically controlled at all speeds by the needle bearing centering. Torsional forces on the bearings virtually does not exist. Reducing differential thermal expansion between rails and wheel rims is a required solution of a complex problem, explained further on.
The vehicles and their guideways have to be light in weight enough, less than 200 pounds per linear foot of vehicle length on entrained lines and less than one to three vehicles allowed per span on the 95% of the access to every property grid miles, to make the guideways less expensive to install and use beside every property than continuing to use any form of road or air vehicle for personal access and deliveries.
The battery free propulsion guideways need very low cost electricity that is sustainable and local almost anywhere. They then become the lowest cost electric supply almost anywhere. Electricity then replaces the more expensive use of natural gas and coal.
No short trip to work, shopping and school with this set of designs, would ever travel most of the trip at less than about 100 MPH peak speed a few blocks away to 200 MPH across smaller urban areas to 400 to 650 MPH for trips over about 20 to 50 miles. Very high broad efficiency maps and incremental coil and motor throtting mean high regenerative efficiencies meaning acceleration losses are no longer as significant. Speed is limited by acceleration lanes and traffic density allowing entry gaps.
The design loading is for one G normal acceleration and less if the user chooses for economy and comfort over increased trip speed. Automatic selective routing places vehicles with similar speed choices in their respective traffic patterns. Guideway span mounted code transmitters tell vehicle’s what speeds are allowed variably to accommodate conditions and curves and warn of wind, tidal wave and earthquake events.
This is from factory and farm doors, direct to every global users properties, all in the same vehicles that carry people where ever they want to go on immediate demand direct non stop if they chose and deliver bulk farm products.
Refuse and sewage collection with universal total recycling is possible with special PRT collectors that lower cost sort and condense wastes from all properties and nonstop take them directly to remanufacturing processors. If you can make the transportation for categorized wastes cheap enough over long distances the you can find a cheaper use for almost everything than land filling or incinerating.
If you want to support global guideway development several new parent companies will have to be influenced to get together to start production prototype and tests of first in history systems. All the basic necessary mechanisms, processes and materials already exist in other uses.
Some company has to make micro tooth rack gear rails with very high speed forging and tungsten cap bonding. We could adapt existing high speed punch presses with self dressing rotary forge heads to use a hot core feed stock instead of cold die sets, for instance. Caps can be inverse protrusion resistance or spot welded using high frequent current on the ends and DC in the centers.
This proposal is fearful in it’s uniquly unfamiliar components that in my life time I have never heard of, myself reading everything extensively. I am interested in ideas that might improve or refine a ultimately best human future. All questions, objection and additions are appreciated.
This is a shocking proposal to conservative people who will immediately suspect that building 40,000,000 miles of brand new guideways will cost hundreds of trillions of dollars. About $60 trillion would likely buy the whole global system and the first 300 million all purpose vehicles that replace the whole of the world’s existing transportation fleets and building four times more base load ultra deep geothermal electric power capacity using only the fully automated guideway for construction.
Incrementally the guideways might pay for themselves amortizing out to a service cost lowering from about half of auto and truck use segmentally calculated global cost to less than a tenth the comparative user cost over time as first systems debt retirement is rolled over to build subsequent installations in proceeding decades. The user cost becomes steadily less only if the guideways are self owned in the interest of all the user demanded benefits. This is portrayed as a global user direct democracy trust with a non secret user voting record as a cross check giving each user a paper record for validation when required.
The possible costs over the first decade will likely be ever less, based on probable improvement that can be roughly projected. The first half a decade of mass production will likely find defects that might raise costs over projections. As these can not be forseen projections have to be based on similar machinery and structure costs in fully automated mass production with adjustments for scale and materials differences.
This lowers electric rates and personal mobility and directly delivered product costs over using the existing global distribution systems as a bonus to guideway direct access to guideway connected users as an inducement to support conversion.
People commonly get into automobiles directly sitting down into their seats through small doors. Automobiles have no stand up access isles or onboard bathrooms. Yet people take daily short to and long cross country multi day trips without feeling at a loss for service. Just as in using automobiles the global guideway vehicles are at the instant change of occupants mind in route or stop control of their single choice occupants only vehicles. This means if you get hungry or have to use the restroom you can come to a stopping place in about one minute from just below the speed of sound. Restrooms and open restaurants are usually farther apart by time in slow road vehicles. It takes less time to get to where the rider or user demands using the global guideway. This is actually about half to a third the real time door to door trip speed of averaged multi mode and wait airline flights and air freight special delivery near by to globally. The longer the single leg trip the less the differential. Automaticly extending reclining seats can reach outside the vehicle to let the user sit down from a standing position under the weather protection of the gull wing whole side door, then the seat elevates and semi reclines the user into the minimal vehicle cross section with ample head, arm and shoulder room. More clearance than is on most first class airliners.
The guideways will set the harizon level almost everywhere on views above average lower building tops but not above most trees. Proposed is planting vines that grow up around piers and onto spans in temperate to tropic zones and colomer and other evergreens arround the poles. The spans can be painted in varigated background colors and patterns color coded to mostly be visually unobtrusive from ground levels Based on sight level video analyses keyed to the back grounds they are in front of. Reflective coatings that take on the seasonal colors of their surroundings are possible. Look at it this way the guideways are less visually aborant than the streets parking lots and highways full of colorful cars and trucks with occasional billboard advertising on their sides and all the power poles
, traffic lights, street signs and street lights the global guideway totally replaces with lawns, fields and trees. No more surface slabs other than a network of uninterrupted bike paths everywhere a totally safe walkable world. Even nearly all use of advertizing signs goes away with the advent of guideway use replacing auto use. People locate places they want to patronize on their phones and the guideway interior screens that present stable pictures unlike the soundings flashing by at hundreds of miles per hour. Why spend money on a sign when almost nobody will see it?
My wife always wanted to slow down so she could enjoy scenery. Prior guideway vehicles could be taking locally recorded images of the scenery passed through, then retransmitted on request to be projected on the interior screens at a slower speed. The guideway video cameras pick up real time passing scenery projecting these scenes or any chosen scene on interior screens that replace windows. The cameras are on average located 25 to 30 feet above the ground slow down a little bit the blinding speed sense of motion. Windows are no longer a viable option as they increase the weight, purchase cost and operating costs of advanced vehicles. Even the Musk Space X BFR is improperly presented with windows.
The industrial world is miniaturizing or shrinking in it’s foot print and need for human labor. I am writing this sitting in the center of over a hundred square miles of abandoned to little used industries on the south side of Chicago through Hammond Indianna down to Gary. As I drive through these areas even the huge buildings that rose everywhere and their former always connecting rail yards are shrinking replaced by highways that are unsustainable.
Proposed is hard surface wheel running gear that increases regular speed to usually 650 MPH on all nearly straight guideway through entrained PRT traffic sections or about 10 times faster than average road vehicle speed between and through cities. This is about15% faster than most very large frontal area commercial jets fly at. If the aero drag and frontal areas for long slender trains is low enough the they use less energy at ten times the speed than mostly unstreamlined large vehicle systems do. Going faster means fewer vehicle volume and weight copacity or procurement cost is needed.
By reducing bearing and wheel wear using flat no differential diameter or rubber tread contact as in flanged railway wheels and road vehicle tires and variably magneticly unloaded bearings the high speed wheels need not wear any faster than slow wheels. Traction is by slip free fine gear tooth rim or tread minor diameter barrel contact. This eliminates traction slippage.
Mostly inside urban street area trips at slower speeds of Usually between 100 MPH to 200 MPH even on stop on line for access guideway sections.
This all means fewer fully automated self lowering access vehicles are needed. The empty often mixed capacity race car fast vehicles arrive at a service call in less time.
The guideway grids being light weight at about 100 to 200 pounds per linear foot become cheaper to build and operate vehicles over than road vehicle systems. Roads are designed for spread out loads of 1,200 pounds a linear foot but axle contact loads at about fifty times that of the proposed guideway wheels. Rail vehicles are designed for around 4,000 to 5000 pounds per linear foot loads with running gear axle loads of up to about 70,000 pounds or about1,200 times the more linearly numerous chains of guideway wheels.
Cost is less because energy and debt retirement shares are less and the speed is higher. This is only possible with minimally small and linearly lightest weight vehicles. This is only possible by designing every vehicle with mostly two semi recumbent knees up passenger seats plus room enough inside each vehicle for over 99% of all larger items used by people. Knees up seats reduce the acceleration and deceleration stresses on weaker passengers.
Couches and refrigerators, drywall and plywood but not ridged larger mattress would fit. A commodities bag on every vehicle can carry one to three tons of grains, ores or flour, water or syrups, no fuels are ever again needed and fewer volatile plastic feed stocks are used as bulk materials. These are entered and discharged through a common top and bottom opening in large fabric envelopes collapsed against the side wall opposite the whole side gull wing door. A wash out system allows every vehicle to do almost everything so few mostly parked specialty vehicles are necessary.
Every vehicle would be able to participate full time in world wide commerce carrying people during rush hours, then going inter city or to other continents through floating ocean tubes during the 90% of the times of the lower human movement demand. Vehicles with internal delivery manipulators pick up and deliver mail and packages even full self mobile electric goods containers. These new containers replace pallets and lift trucks in most warehouse and stock rooms. Pallet box like self mobile containers migh collapse for empty lower volume return stacking. Many all new designs are proposed. This new system creates new service possibilities.
The running gear proposed is the only slip free propulsion and movement high speed support system ever described, meaning low wear and lower rolling friction. Low air resistance in mandatory along with two to hundreds of vehicles sharing their frontal areas in trains. Air friction and wake drag in boats is 80% of the fuel we burn today in transporting ourselves and goods. Once we solve this problem lowered friction can be turned into greater speed. Lowering rolling friction and wear becomes the default next big problem.
Proposed is rolling element bearings that are maglev unloaded to reduce friction farther and increase wear life. Seals lift from their wavy or acentric seats after about 15 MPH as the lubrication is held in and dust rejected centripitally as speed increases.
To permanatly sustain advanced economies more efficient transportation powered by very deep bore anywhere geothermal electricity needs to replace the multimodal road way predominate and fuel burning economies.
This system needs to eliminate any need for batteries as in autonomus road vehicles.
Hwavy slow ships replaced by fast under 2 foot draft mile long under 200 square foot frontal area SES sea trains replace most over ocean aircraft flights and speed up global commerce until the direct guideway or PRT guideway ocean tubes are built to make Kant and water transportation single mode trip seamless. Sail and solar sea trains can operate st 20 to 200 MPH speeds. Thorium reactor powered sea train can operate at 200 to 400 MPH speeds based on existing fan electric propulsion using combined figures from GE90 engines using electric rim drive out runner motors and submarine power plant examples with thorium breeder shells and hot cores. On board recrossing remains an uncertainty.
This all requires direct local geothermal electricity connected global transportation. A universal service fully automated entrainable PRT guideway and electricity utility is to users a everywhere transportation and energy vending machine.
You could use your bank cards in any vehicle like a full service ATM guideway bank to get what ever you needed that your account allowed you to pay for or use the internet to communicate with the guideway treating it like a fully automated local to global transportation vending machine. Not having any humans to profit the guideway bank can operate at a smaller overhead cost and eventually become the global monetary system because it has a high asset and utility value to everybody and it’s customers are all collectively it’s board of directors and advisors.
While manufacturers would contribute to make and improve on the products needed by people the cost per unit of seat mile ton mile or delivery action would drop to about 5% to 15% of the current mixed mode system costs that relies on external financial management. This is the difference between having to maintain ground supported transportation that requires a high human labor, management and constantly deteriorating brittle high mass infrastructure overhead cost and the ultra light jet speed guideway.
This guideway is ultra light weight in total systems mass. It depends on transportation and energy being a fully automatically managed and self placed universal utility serving all user benefits goals that is user immediately on demand controlled.
This should be a global self owned or user trust that is user local to global direct democracy controlled universal public utility. Govornments and private operating corporations are all potentially corrupt able so can not get involved in operations lest they again warp the services to create avenues for profit and power infighting.
The users know what they want and should have all oversight in decision making. If the users ask what seems like impossible demands, more than the impossible already being delivered, the next ET3 stage is already being developed and should be developed as a parallel inter city and inter continental system for 2,000 to 60,000 MPH higher speeds. The faster ET3 speeds would be for interplanetary and orbital transfer space launch and recovery ring systems.
Proposed is mediating soft ware to allow property owners to get the type of service that suits them and their neighbors, to cooperatively as mush as possible at any given time make the mutually best decisions. The problem is working out differences in alignment opinions and preferences of access style.
The guideways are portable, being easily installed using stake driven piers and pulled up and moved as needed. The span parts and assemblies can be reused and shape adapt for the first time in history similar to railway rails to what ever alignment is required. Only this control is three dimensional including the world’s first structural limit automatic expansion and span arch control.
Internet communications might shortly follow this PRT model because the guideway is a cheaper way to deliver high capacity guideway carried instead of buried fiber optics and more frequent finely divided cell tower sites on occasional piers everywhere. Dark fiber would follow the guideways as well as power plant electric capacity levels carried by the grid span structures being connectable any where the guideways arrive at. Farmers could use electricity for field work.
The guideways become a cheap way to move millions of tons of water to any place on the 40 million eventual mikes of the global grid.
For profit companies will as they always have figuring out ways to make profits off of essentially nonprofit utility services. Investors take advantage of a higher velocity of money in a permanatly sustainable marketplace and ecology that is more robust than the current global economy that will shortly reach transactional supply cost peaks or ecological limits until we eliminate the fuel and user owned vehicle and equipment market place. Everything hinges on a permanatly sustainable ecology and critical materials supplies in which the human economy has to presently exist. This ecology predominated before humans arrived and is unlikely to be replaced by us for thousands of years to come with a global sustainable substitute theme park like ecology of our design.
First year vehicles can debt retire in about one year at 2 to 3 cents a user mile, the guideway access grid debt retires at about 5 to 15 cents a user mile, the bore anywhere power plants and additional 3 cents or more to debt retire in about three to five years. Maintenance and energy on going electricity and wear and replacement costs might be between about 2 cents to 7 cents a vehicle mile occasionally being both cheaper and higher in certain user circumstances and short trip higher cost charges.
After about the third to fifth years this possible capital costs are incrementally paid off buy the user charges and those debts would progressively lower to a fairly flat user cost at about 1/20th to
1/60th the average cost of current transportation.
First developmental companies will require more insight than they showed on the Hyperloop projects that push aside rational detractors working towards irrational conformist formatting.
Proposed here is a new example that may transcend all the problems with past wheel born systems being lower in rolling resistance at speeds as high as jet aircraft with frontal area drag coeficients lower than recumbant streamlined bicycles at only about double their common frontal areas. Proposed is a new form of I beam shaped running gear wheel motor chains with variable permanatly magnet unloaded needle bearings. Micro gear narrow width dual gear rim wheel support eliminates slippage wear in exchange for a microscopic vibratory rolling movement. Traction limits no longer exist so emergency regenerative stoops of up to 3 to 4 Gs become practical when required and climbing almost verticle slopes if needed is practical. Longer distance entrainment of separately routed PRT vehicles join in drag reduction trains of opportunity at sea level. The single vehicle share of trained drag drops to where faster than commercial jet speeds become practical.
The guideways on which the vehicles run are alignment adjustable in a new way to provide smooth rides at very high speeds yet be cheap enough to directly be placed by or connect together nearly every home and business and popularly road accessed site on the planet. If a place can be reached by a mechadamized road sewers and power lines Then a all new guideway is lower in cost to build that also provides cheaper electric energy access than natural gas or the lowest cost PV system.
Most primitive villages getting a guideway spur would not only get cell service, unlimited water, power and a on demand delivery of everything they could pay for as well as remote recycle removal of all wastes and the whole globe to directly sell their products in with same day delivery to the far side of the planet but the equivalent to a village center international airport and container ship port combined with a grade separated local highway network. This access might cost as little as $300,000 to $2,000,000 a mile depending on one way or two way single vehicle or train occupancy per span between piers. Commerce could come to all people never before participating in the global economy. Left is the problem of maintaining a desirable universal good tasting high protein diet without trashing the oceans ecolological sustainability. This to might be solved by the global guideway’s connection to lower cost ocean agriculture systems that require lower input mobility costs and sea food farms instead of desamating base ocean food chain feed stocks. Fully automated massive guideway factory based insect farms can produce the improved animal feed protien. New forms of middle ocean depth base netted farms along the guideway ocean network paths are proposed in verticle descending ecology layers of concentrated production. We can no longer simply extract without cuircularly replacing consumed resources. This requires very flexible low cost return mobility that does not itself create pollution and flood run off problemscreated by large area pavements and road and railroad embankment restriction of natural drainage.
The guideways raise coastal citie’s transportation to where elevated or floating buildings no longer need surface transportation or low level airports.
Sea levels will continue to rise anyway to levels where guideway rebuilding of higher inland cities becomes unavoidable. The guideways can cross oceans in small two way reverse cuirculation reduced pressure ocean tubes. These Davis tube networks are cheapest with small frontal area PRT vehicles like the original Skytran designs. Ocean automated fabrication and installation does not require the massive systems used today for suspended roadway tubes. Over water costs are about $10,000,000 a mile in average three mile depts at 100 foot to 200 foot under surface floating suspension depths using a new anchorage placement and position adjustment system.
All of these issues require producing companies that are not afraid to operate where no one has gone before, using new production machinery they will probably have to develop themselves. The creative talents are there but suppressed by the lack of applied physics guided leadership.
Interested in a permant future for humans? It takes a car and a cell phone to raise a kid, hold jobs, shop, and do everything else in ever larger area dispersed services communities. This is true every where in the world. A global single mode to everywhere guideway can provide a private personal automated high speed taxi and delivery van to give individual family members, of any age or abilities, separate autonomy to inexpensively daily travel hundreds of miles in radius at a tenth to twentieth the per mile cost of auto or transit use in commuting, getting cheaper housing, medical care, shopping, jobs and education access. Public transportation nearly always takes longer than personal auto use while covering a hundredth the land areas. Mass transit limited network rail and bus wastes people’s time limiting their range of places they can access and daily activities. Mass transit is always inferior transportation for most users to personal autos global PRT is superior to road use c
Open for ideas and guests on the phone or at my home and B&B in Lincoln Nebraska. I can not put everybody up for free but can make it as inexpensive as possible. See WestviewB&B.com
This is an armature life time project to lower the cost and increase the speed of all personal and commercial mobility. This uses the same guideway structures and components to build homes and commercial buildings, install and operate ultra deep geothermal power generation and guideway installation.
7000 N W 27th St., Lincoln, NE 68524, US