A global door to door, personal rapid transit, all purpose guideway network.
This is a proposal, to prototype a global door to door, eventually jet speed, miniature frontal area, station free, anywhere grid access, universal service global guideway. This can become a all electric total replacement for all existing fuel burning transportation.
This is also the installation system for a fully automated, miles deep, local geothermal electric system. The heat of the Earth’s crust can be efficiently extracted for tens of thousands of years to in most places locally power everything we burn fuel for today.
This is being constantly redesigned, attempting to make it the best single system global mobility service, lowest cost product delivery, all electric energy, communications and financial self managing global infrastructure.
One robotic system design replaces all new and most old municipal infrastructures, with lower cost transportation, water, sewer and trash total recycling, electricity, communications and data.
This can become a global catlyst for eventually replacing all useful functions of the overhead cost of national to local government, replaced by daily electronic open democracies and a universal, bank free, guideway based global reserve currency system.
A new form of self supplying robotic education and universal welfare provided by the user controlled guideway. This can be a positive feed back loop personal ecology and economy improver.
This is all drawing on the whole of past history and known technologies. What is likely to work best?
The designs are for an independent self managed robotic vehicle overhead guideway that is self installed with new forms of flexible mobile mass production machinery, going to all properties.
The miniature guideway can be the cheapest supplier of all personal and commercial mobility, stand alone housing, goods and commodities delivery, in one system. This is a global efficency improver and ecology neutral machine, eliminating scarcity.
This may be the world’s first proposal for a gear traction, rim drive, inline chained electric wheel motor system. Maintaining constant tread gear pitch and unsprung alignment is the challenge. Needed is a full speed and load circular test track, to refine choices, reliability and increase speed.
One well thought out, small shop built, universal utility prototype might demonstrate doing everything more efficiently than all our world’s specialized industries, modes, facilaties and vehicles differentially do together today.
First off is to demonstrate greater ease of personal use, lower cost of access, safe higher reliable speed and cheaper ton mile cost potential.
Applied physics and proven products are the guide to what is possible. Cost to benefit ratio, economics and logistics define the designs the physics is applied to. Service variables shape the user controlled computer operating form.
The global guideway is autonomus on demand personal rapid transit or PRT-train vehicles. These are empty self dispatched vehicle’s going quietly, race car fast, individually to internet, phone or pier push button user calling locations. No other form of transportation can do this well.
This is robotic fully grade and intersection separated, anywhere access, door to door global transportation. The tiny frontal area body and running gear is designed to be as low in air drag as possible, cheaper than railways, as fast as jet airliners for all trips, more convenient than personal road vehicle use, low enough in cost to be built competitively and undisturbing over the top of all existing vehicle, utility and property uses, going directly non stop between every home, farm, village and industry on the planet.
A daily commute, mail, small deliveries or needing to ship a million tons of water or grain are equally handled on demand by the same all purpose fully automated self redistributing capacity vehicles. Many tiny vehicles move the world’s commerce and populations everywhere door to door. This is what common people need and want, but not what they are allowed to have.
The global guideway has to be made up of millions of nearly identical, user directed, autonomous, self lowering anywhere access, suspended monorail PRT vehicle’s, and small scale support, production, maintainers and guideway transportable automated robotic tool carriers, serving widely varied user needs.
All existing automated devices have defects in easy to use human interfaces and occasional failures, short service lives with constant obsolescence. Not being adaptable to improvements in performance Is common. Knowing what rugged designs work best is difficult. Think of all the cell phones, computers, appliances and automobiles you have owned.
All guideway service problems must be machine solved perfectly every time with no good past examples to follow. Every standard component needs to be toughened, flexible, life time failure safe, better than classic PRT redundancy.
The guideway can create a reduction of about two thirds in the present logistics cost of the Earth bound economy, connected today only by profit oriented market delivery, layered administrative and investor costs, top heavy distribution, in road, rail, air and ocean systems. Data travels fast, goods and people move slowly, at great wasteful expense and inconvenience.
90% of consumer goods find their final trip, a few pounds at a time, carried from stores to homes by user and public transportation, 99% in road vehicles and on foot at great cost.
The guideway by passes the present multiple transfer handling of goods in stages. Guideway on demand delivered goods can go direct in the same hour to day from manufacturers to final users homes and businesses world wide, in fully automated guideway vending stores. This has been tried only in a few mobile convenience stores in the 1920s, food carts and trucks today.
In high traffic areas the automaticly mass installed ultra light weight guideway grid should cost under $200,000 an access one way grid suburban mile, $2 million a high speed two way mile. This can be user fee debt retired in about 2 to 7 years, at half the cost of road vehicle use, down to less than a tenth the real user operating cost of the replaced road segments. Lower cost seat mile or ton mile, at every property access means faster debt retireing early user fees. Profitable bonds take decades to retire debt today.
A PRT style guideway is structurally isolated from hazards. Instead of ground level railroads, autonomus road, air or water, steered course management. This simplifies automated hazard avoidance, navigation and service dispatch. The skinny vehicle’s are stiffly locked into the easy to manage right-left, stop-start, elevated, precise speed paths the guideway vehicles follow.
Each vehicle directly receives local user phone service requests through collective over lapping area empty vehicles dispatch. The nearest vehicle takes the call in a outward rotating que. A Google free internet service directory and global traffic capacity deficit shared vehicle network, sets navigation addresses, routes, speed brackets, closure rates, cooperative joining and leaving trains and maneuvering timing.
The Google for profit like search systems are a predatory 0.2% cost of global GDP, a racketeering monopoly that is economically harmful to the world economy and general human welfare, nearly criminal and obsolete.
Separately vehicles and trains of cooperative vehicles work out adjacent service tasks and merges. This is not block chain, but overlapping hard multi inductor connections between area vehicles connected to user cell phone controlled self management of cooperative vehicle computers, no central computers. A global human serving machine.
There are no laborers, managers or investors and their share of wages, profits, taxes and benefits to support. All guideway cost reduction increases efficiencies in other commerce. Global economies expand sustainably. New guideway efficiencies make unthinkable possibilities practical.
The guideway is a user controlled, in trust, self owned robotic industry that operates like a robotic self supporting charitable economic booster. This is user guided, decentralized, identity free adaptive programming, robotic self management, no AI.
The few maintainence employees could be local real time electronic media assisted. Anyone can become a learn on the job contractor. Several billion democratic, all the users are administrators, share management learning decisions. This is a first time creation of an all purpose, selfless, robotic customer interest institution.
This has to be created by ethics driven, service oriented, low profit margin manufacturers who sell the best mass produced robotic and structural products to a global to local guideway layered trust that is a user controlled, direct daily democratic, federalist like, global coop. No paid or profiting administrators, but lots of thinkers and idea comparisons. A new model for organization verifiable mediated electronic democracy is proposed. All people have access to and self selecting act on all data or choice information. Today most information is hidden by layers of access and administrative difficulty. Few people make important decisions. Everybody would need a smart phone provided demcratic process education.
Autonomus guideway constructing and operating selfless robot machine systems manage themselves like millions of seperate global user serving, self financially managing, cooperative businesses.
Producing industries could make close profits on unimaginable global product sales volumes, sold direct to user specification democracy cooperatives but avoid the possible fluctuating economic risks from their product‘s local operation, maintenance, liabilities, regulations and taxes.
To be unpaid robotic charity workers, the vehicles and equipment have to be separated from control by govornment and business providers. Sociopathic management is more common than altruism at ever higher levels of control. Sociopathy can not recognize it’s criminal like ethical thought deficiencies in robots or humans. All behaviors seem properly normal, beyond moral considerations, inside minds.
The resultant recycled self reproducing user controlled mostly robotic economy can evolve to be materials sustainable for large populations for millions of years into our future and directly into vast cooperative space colonization. Universal electronic fact based democracy is a new form of government that has never been tried. Opinions are unimportant only facts matter according to all available data, judged by the largest possible voter cross section.
A global access everywhere, but local geothermal powered electric guideway is an integrated commercial and personal user controled delivery machine. Almost anything you can imagine and pay for becomes sustainably possible, expedited by low cost delivery, travel and fuel free local sourced energy forever, deep geothermal now, someday small fission with solar and wind where competitive.
The global robot guideway and energy machine management system is no more a slave to humans than the unfeeling building elevator, air temperature and communications systems we use today. We should never create thinking programs for such systems, only responsive machine management. You can still talk with friend like machines.
Proposed here is new assistive automatic suggestive idea sorting cross reference and conflict mediating systems. Sorting personal attachments from facts requires all minds on the problems. This allows progressive user goal personal assistant software on every bodies smart phone, absent a Big Brother data mining and neural propaganda network, offering tailored personal motivation and life organizing guidance. Poverty and criminal mentality might be mostly eliminated. Differential wealth and opportunities will always exist, ajusted by cheap fast guideway services for all.
Health wellness monitoring advice, disease and trauma care becomes an inexpensive mostly automated to the home guideway service as well.
Wealth and power is rarely a developer of productivity improvements but always willing to take the credit and centralize profits and power.
Happiness and personal mental and activity expansion is the goal directed by personal smart phone advisors, assisting, not directing individual decisions. Evolutionary conformity verses creativity is a built in human old survival mind flaw. Persistent progressive outside advice might help most of us learn creative, independent but cooperative ethical memes. We need reminders.
The uses for road, rail and air vehicles would all work better on the guideway where collisions are easy to avoid and useful speed limits on straight PRT train carrying spans are just below the speed of sound, yet cheaper than than slow railways. Fast guideway ocean tube highways as cheap as overland expressways mean Intercontinental and island commerce booms with high ocean tube speed. Global city society is born.
A fast public bus or rail transit ride takes two to three times longer than the same auto trip, which takes about ten times as long as a faster than airlines global guideway trip.
The global guideway vehicle has to be tiny, at about 3 to 4 feet in body diameter, in long slender PRT vehicle operation, Proposed are tubular body gap free entraining, suspended, self lowering anywhere access and emergency egress suspended monorail vehicle’s. Think of the guideways as providing slender low drag body stiffness not requiring large vehicle cross sections that waste energy.
You sit down on an external outward pivoting recliner. Easier faster entry than cars or using isles for seat access. Superior handicap reclining mobility systems are included.payment is by card uncertain in the full bank service ATM arm rest.
The vehicles use TV occupant screen vision in nearly silent interior, windowless vehicles. You see and hear the surroundings you pass through as if the vehicle speed and noise was eliminated or changed. You could slow, stop or replay sights of interest.
The only way to increase vehicle speed per ton or passenger mile while lowering user access cost is to lower drag or energy cost while at the same time decreasing linear weight for lower capital investment at every possible property access point or grid mile.
This was all occurring in my thoughts after looking at the low drag of human powered, streamlined speed record bicycles that are able to go over 80 MPH using just over 2 HP sustainable by an athlete.
In time this attempt at a universal global mobility ideal design standard increased to between 14 to 18 square feet frontal area of cylindrical pressurized vehicle bodies. The trade off was between smaller, everywhere lighter networked, faster, lowest cost transportation infrastructure against passenger emotional comfort with the minimum cross section needed to carry all items people might ever need. The system still carries on guideway top rails the rare grand piano and most new oversized redesigned machine tools.
There has never been a real need for automobiles, trucks, railways, large jet aircraft and heavy equipment, if developers had made some version of a miniature fully automated high speed 1890s era guideway.
All other vehicles require a need for ever larger versions to be more efficiently controlled by less costly wage earning human operators. This results in larger, less flexible and slower machines using massive mostly unoccupied facilities.
More compact machine tools and mechanical systems of all kinds will evolve to no longer need expensive large vehicle mobility which in turn required the large tools and massive scale foundations and excavation.
Continents and islands are connected together by the guideways using floating subsurface tethered ocean crossing guideway reduced air pressure tubes that replace large ship and jumbo jets, harbors And airports.
We are stuck now with about $7 trillion yearly globally being spent on massive scale infrastructure and about $15 to $30 trillion yearly globally tied by habitual commitments to the false temporary prosperity of a triple the cost global fuel burning economy. Every decade a ever smaller percentage of populations make their living off financialization, energy and transportation jobs towards the centralization of wealth and power. The poor and middle classes are always economically treading water.
We started automating industries about 200 years ago. Similar but different in design, automation systems could have eliminated most of the need for human control, allowing for user controlled PRT vehicle routing dispatch and traffic operation by the 1890s. Similar to railway interlocking, fully automated preventing of collisions existed before electronics was possible, but rarely pursued except in limited high speed production machinery.
Every global jet speed guideway vehicle requires segmentally progressive cellular inflated, minimal drag, conical ends of over 3:1 aspect streamlining, used separately or in trains. These ends need to be able to constantly extend into free air and retract forming flat ends as vehicles form trains with following vehicles slightly pushing the vehicle ahead coupling with minor PRT shear resistant centering. Longer trains adjust sensed loads. On impending collisions vehicle trains disengage with separation assisting dynamic braking. Flutter control is described further on.
Without, small frontal area, skinnier longer suspended monorails, that are everywhere station free access or self lowering PRT vehicles forming trains or smooth sided groups, efficency and speed improvement is presently impossible. The only other alternative is limited airlock access evacuated tubes for fast inexpensive transportation and mass decoupling.
It is impossible to create aerodynamic lift vehicles of any kind to be as efficient as hard wheel and rail supported high elongation vehicles without the introduction of cheap mass decoupling.
Longer PRT trains and many trains of such slender vehicles with dragster acceleration and deceleration regenerative rates can move well over 50,000 tons a line hour using ultra low cost light weight monorail guideways. Continuous stream global guideway can carry two million tons per line hour in reduced pressure ocean crossings at over 1,000 MPH.
These small vehicles are large enough to carry all people’s desired movements and goods, faster than commercial jets, but cheaper than heavy freight railways while being low cost enough to reach nearly every house and commercial and popularly accessed spot directly on the planet. No streets, rural roads, highways, docks or air portsare needed again. Every property on Earth becomes a harbor or international airport.
The vehicles need to access every property at ground level or with property owner choice inside building and home entries. The combined vehicle and guideway size passes through a doorway slightly larger than a automated super market single leaf walk door.
The best design for a total fuel burning free transportation system might use slot crossing self steering, suspended inline 3 unit expansion drive hinged inline chains of pancake wheel motors with top and bottom paired disc guide wheels, in a slot straddeling suspended monorail. The edges of the one meter diameter motors have narrow 600 to 800 tooth, zero traction slip, equalized torque gear ring wheels that run on accurate rack gear teeth-crown-line contact on either side of the slot.
Chains of usually six to twelve of these 150 KW to 300 KW under 100 pound motors support vehicles that are linearly ultra light, about the linear weight of small automobiles or lighter. In longer trains each motor would at 650 MPH needing only about 5 to 15 KW for propulsion share drag. Improving efficency at such widely varying power levels is described.
To keep guideway materials costs down the spans have to be fairly large structural cross sections. Basalt fiber composite insulated lattice truss cross tube sets have dovetail ends with locking wedges in them that allow reshaping the spans to any imaginable easement and alignment. These electric insulating trusses and a corrugated basalt roof section and side rain shedding and bird stop louvre panels fit over five to eight metal longitudinal tubular stringers. This keeps the weather out but reduces the cross wind and vehicle air resistance through the span wall interference drag.
Streamlining all minimal practical frontal area gap free trains and vehicle’s and running gear to .06 or less Cd. Is not alone enough. Commonly shown solid small tubular PRT closed wall guideway beams can cause 40% of drag. Small wheel diameters limit speed and service life at the highest speeds.
The suspended vehicles need to all self lower vertically from the guideway anywhere under stop on line access grids. The access guideway grids replace millions of square miles of side streets, alleyways, driveways parking and industrial lots garages and rural road right of ways everywhere.
In a few decades after the guideways arrive the roads could be removed as desired and replaced with structures, parks, gardens and farm land surface greening between all properties. Fully automated planting and maintaining machines could farm and forest unused urban and rural lands of any plot size or issolation creating a garden planet.
The guideways are a way to automaticly increase forest areas every where with spaced out and trimmed tiered food production vegetation for unlimited food sources from the 40 million miles of guideways. Diversely gardened open property Earth becomes a possibility in less than half a century from start up.
Local climates improve to fit the new land cover and open grazing conditions. Deer, Buffalo and other animals freely roam in cities no longer affected by surface traffic. Fields and house recreational yards need Fences. Increased geothermal energy increases the northern useable occupied land areas with controlled global temperatures. Surface evaporation control, green house farms and unlimited guideway moved precision subsoil applied water supplies allows global Ag everywhere.
Higher speed lower cost mobility over time disperses urban areas to where they would blend into country sides because daily your personal speed of commute travel would be between about 650 MPH on the access guideway to 16,000 MPH on ET3 as the eventual weightless surface speed. It takes anywhere from thirty seconds to fifteen minutes for acceleration and deceleration at either end to this wide speed range for average people and goods movements.
Roadways are always more costly to build and maintain, are self deteriorating, add significantly to flooding problems and stand in the way of utility access and flexible property management decisions, adding to the cost of property ownership. Road vehicle systems are a tolerated global liability with unquestioning management and engineering conformisum.
Imagine a jet fast transportation world, without requiring a single bit of land devoted to road surface and massive bridge right of ways, not needing airports, railways, the millions of square miles of hard surfaces, parking lots, massive warehousing and garages everywhere. Old facilities can find other uses such as local building panel production.
A separate set of amusement park scale light running rails on the top of the guideway monorail beams allows new oversized guideway parts to travel at lower speeds and machines that work on everything around not disturbing the suspended monorail traffic underneath. Large and longer structures including large building panels can be carried over this top line. This top system’s vehicles are cleated to the rails, unable to derail and tip off as the suspended general service vehicles are locked in by the guideway structure. Not exceeding windage and off set load torsional beam structural limits and compacting the combined overall grade separated crossing heights requires many design compramises.
Since the guideways are already elevated high above the highest truck and railroad traffic all crossings are grade separated with little overpassing grade changes required. Bidirectional differing crossing tier heights with about four feet of shared drop and rise would predominate.
The vehicles can self lower from the highest normal access grid sections eliminating the high cost of elevated stations, or any platform or station stop preparation. Sidewalks for humans and slower wheeled robots and all weather streamlined peddled vehicles become the new sidewalk scale street and rural road global bike and walking path system.
The guideway design proposed here can replace all buried utilities on the planet, usually at a lower cost with the fully elevated easy hole access metal structural tubes of the guideway truss beams carrying fiber optics in the high DC voltage tubes and occasionally water in the small mild winter area heated grounded side structural tubes.
Eventually all electricity can be at-property inverted using the guideway loop main DC power supply from local guideway geothermal sources. No power company using any present sources and seperate new built distribution can likely deliver electricity this inexpensively. Energy and communications companies get folded into the automated guideway developments. Guideway electricity can become quickly cheaper than natural gas as a heating source.
We still will need to capture and use up surface bleed natural gas from millions of square miles of land resulting from fracking, permafrost melt and deep water area melting of methane hydrates.
Green house farming higher per acre production predictability and water conservation might eventually exceed the area of open field work. Agriculture becomes more stable as the guideways can carry many cubic miles of water everywhere every year. Deep geothermal local power waste heat can locally desalinate sea water carried to isolated land areas. The salt is returned to the ocean.
The global guideways are less than half the cost of access street grids to build. One small guideway vehicle replaces about 15 mixed mostly parked cars and trucks in global useage, providing individual local mobility services without ever seeing any form of traffic congestion. Long distance runs at night between rush hours otherwise.
Weather and surface traffic hazards are avoided so speed is limited only by user efficiency or speed choices.
A test example in 1889 was built around the fairgrounds at Laurel Maryland. It’s top demonstrated dash speed was just over 150 MPH sustaining for about a hundred running miles 110 to 120 MPH. A much faster 300 MPH test track was being surveyed near Garden City Long Island when Weems the Baltimore developer ran out of money and gave up in 1892.
The guideways can replace high cost bricks and mortar educations with mobile guideway personal expierience education access. This might combine personal cell phone assistance remote instruction, testing and organizing focused life time learning activities for individuals and groups of students of all ages. Once in place global self schooling programs can replace most human teachers and allow monitoring-parents a companion learning oportunity based on high access to everywhere. Education might seem more like applied activity vacation home schooling adventures, developing self selecting independence.
The 1953 idea of ultra light PRT vehicles was published by Don Ficter 15 years latter. The original minimalist single person vehicle principles were abandoned in favor of minibus and taxicab scale vehicles for no good reasons. Until Doug Malewicki’s Skytran proposal for ideal dynamic scaling in transportation, about 1990, this was never before publicly considered for light, fast low drag vehicles. Daryl Oster is ET3.
The vehicles are as cheap to build as autonomus automobiles but able to travel continuously faster in trains up to the allowed shock wave noise producing speed limit. Every standard utility PRT vehicle can put on one to two million miles a year. The more yearly maintainence free miles each vehicle travels the faster it pays back it’s cost for a lower user per mile cost.
Elongated rod armature maglev may be better but remains design and cost to benefit illusive.
Aircraft fast PRT is a fraction as difficult as slow automated trucks and taxis in mixed road traffic with 360 degree hazard automation decisions, pets, farm, wild animals, bicycles and pedestrians on winter ice and foggy nights. None of this slows the hazard free well designed guideways. No hitting deer, people or raptors feeding on animals run down by previous vehicles.
At 90% of Hyperloop speeds the cost per seat or ton mile of this form of PRT is less due to not needing separate street and rural road systems for access in connecting vehicles. The guideways are cheap enough to be built along or through most farm land and along all town streets. This is like telephones and REA in the early 1900s, we can’t live without it.
This is the only known presentation of large segmental core removal, sidewall supported cog rail elevator shaft sinking, in ultra deep, nearly all local geothermal energy. This is required to decentrally power the global guideways and all domestic and industrial energy needs for about 10,000 to 150,000 years almost everywhere on Earth.
This CO2 transfered geothermal is water pollution free, non stop, needing no fuel peaking or reserve power storage back up system. 9 to 13 miles deep geothermal toughens the earths crust stability over time, but will be probably be slightly exceeded in consumption than coducted outward. Thermal radiation loss balance into space remains uncertain.
This is a starting point from basics in designing towards possible transportation and energy perfection on the first try. Like all new ideas this is a hard sell. I have never found a way to talk people of any specialized education level into looking objectively at the ideas. People are habitual mental and social creatures, defenders of their secure mutual familiar experiences, not wanting to step out of collective economic safety zones.
Physics and demonstrated mass production equipment sets the narrow path to these guideway designs. Operating turbine engines, aircraft, space vehicles, race cars and emerging complex autonomus robotics tells us what we can expect from structures and mechanisms under loads, cyclic stresses, operational reliability and longevity.
Jobs, whole industries and professions are certainly at risk of total guideway economy bypassing, failure from obsolescence and their demonstrated inabilities to not be able to adapt to complex changes. We are globally stagnating due to higher overhead to output and human life benefit ratios, consumption of critical resources.
Artificial intelligence if task designed is unlikely to take over. A mouse expieriences more ego pleasure than a self learning biologically unattached global computer. Decentralization is cheaper, more reliable, bypassing self serving corporation leaders, kings, elected oligarchies and mega brain computers.
Even discussing a total transportation single mode replacement is difficult because it can not practically work exactly like anything that has ever been done before. Varying design preferences favoring tried PRT and simplistic autonomus road vehicle ideas out number best global guideway forms by many thousands to one.
How do you start up a $150 trillion over three decades global guideway capital industry that seems to require being every where all at one time to be viable? This is no different than building the first of anything like telephones, where it will find the densest market place, serving hundreds of these areas, then connect them together as advantages emerge.
Increasing global productivity is defeated by failed self serving nationalism and investor capitalism. Higher velocity of money growth requires faster investment and product through put as well as faster consumer turn over of earnings who no longer need savings for security. Savings are used as profiteering feed stocks.
The guideway increasing productive wealth fills in the poorest emerging economies first This is assuming leaders allow common people to each take on complex world challenges. A broad life time recreational educationfor all is the tool box.
The 3D global guideway eliminates any need to ever again use earth moving in right of way cuts and filling or leveling sites for buildings to accommodate the surrounding surface transportation and single level factories because of the inadequacies of in plant mobility. This can be replaced by bringing the global near verticle grade climbing guideway vehicles inside the plants instead of using lift trucks. No massive earth moving will ever again be required accept for dam making, farming, ET3, geothermal and mining.
Unfortunately I am the only known proposer so far pursuing the global single mode total replacement guideway that I can find. There are two other self lowering PRT systems proposals plus the Titan industries owner’s description to me and a US Army movie about an assault cable monorail , possibly a Titan project, in the late 1950s.
There have been many thousands of people who have willingly given critical design advise that I sought and simple encouragement or occasional angrily criticizing the idea using every excuse possible to deride it. They are occasionally right in their negatives which in turn requires solutions to try to avoid their dire predictions. The detractors would have formerly been luddites against other improvements
Make lists of what is ideal and what is undesirable and everything we are doing today in transportation and energy, even public water, sewer and land fill utilities will be on the undesirable list in every way, except that the present road based and high cost buried infrastructure already exists.
This proposal can get along nicely without any land fills, incinerators, gravity sewer systems, wind and solar electric power, lighting and phone line poles, advertising signs and buried networks, fire and police stations, most prisons, most school and university buildings, large hospitals, national and local militaries and govornment administrations.
Crime and addictions remain mostly symptoms of poor unhappy and bored populations. Happiness, health and personal daily shared adventure is the main global guideway product.
This is identical to the introduction of smart phones with everywhere access to the internet. This can all occur during a global commerce transition. This is a universal global vending machine.
To be global the network requires ocean tube guideway highways, floating, held to the bottom by neutral buoyancy tethers about 100 feet below the surface. Air vent and access tube bouys float miles apart on the surface. Mid ocean geothermal power provides local electricity around which sea steading farms and community anchorages might build with jet speed guideway commerce to often more expensive to live in land areas.
The ocean guideway grids would go different routes than current shipping and airline lanes because crossing land is cheaper than ocean tube miles and large airport and harbor hubs are totally bypassed mostly flooded by ocean rise and tidal wave risks.
We have learned to work with the road vehicle at grade defects. We universally accept the present accident and pollution world three million people a year death toll as a blame it on the victims sacrifice for modern living. Fuel burning capitalism faschisum poverty adds another about 50 million early deaths a year mostly do to poverty. Two thirds of the world's impoverished emerging populations still do not own a personal vehicle. Road paving for land hungry vehicles are built everywhere.
The PRT global elevated full length access and egress guideway is a all purpose, personal vehicles, useable by any child, handicap or old person who can follow simple verbal or pictorial instructions to dial a phone by any means or speak clearly, can get themselves any where in the world they could afford the one to five cents a mile vehicle cost. Shared vehicle use costs less.
Each standard vehicle might commonly have about 10 cubic meters of cabin personal or moving partician subdivided space behind a possibly 1.5 square meter internal frontal area, able to carry one ton or in longer lengths three tons.
PRT saves money by eliminating human management and long term investor profits. Ideally the guideway users control and pay for debt retirement as soon as possible. Automated installation systems cut costs. The substitution of the more expensive basalt composit cross wise and steel longitunals reduces materials weight enough that cheaper dirt fill, concrete and asphalt roadway costs are many times greater considering drainage, line capacity and the elimination of parking and land area costs.
We want to go places quickly and get deliveries yesterday. Most people would enjoy cheap fast holidays a thousand miles to a coast for a warm swim or fishing and return for work the same day. People could hold jobs or get special schooling or visit relatives daily hundreds to thousands of miles from their homes. Everybodies roaming range would increase. Most products could be automaticly delivered direct from the producer to globally distributed homes, nonstop world wide, faster than commercial limited range jets fly today, cheaper than Amazon or Walmart retailing. Recreational shopping will continue but the guideway replaces the need for big box store nearby access. Vacant real-estate gets recycled and greened up in a guideway world. Freeway city blight disappears in guideway forests like Myan cities did.
Road vehicles are slow, fully autonomus VTOL drone taxi and delivery systems are prone to catastrophic failures, not operable in bad weather and a hundred times more expensive than the global guideway to operate.
Most aerodynamic drag for short bodied vehicles is form or frontal area drag. As vehicles gain smooth longer end tapers this drag is reduced to a minimum of about 1/20 the square corner flat end drag, like most trucks, busses, ships and railroad bodies have. Reducing air resistance makes ideally streamlined short vehicles several times longer. By reducing the frontal area increasing the train length, elongating the loads, you reduce the drag with slight gains in skin friction up to bodies of about 20:1 length to cross section width ratio. This skin friction is also being energized in moving boundary layer drag reducion up to about 400 feet long in flexible trains of slender vehicles, where in still cross winds, skin drag reduction length advantage equalizes out as an inverse parabolic curve of decreasing viscous drag to volume ratio. Studies done on high speed railway drag give different results than studies done on shorter body aircraft and surface effect short road vehicle drag.
Take an airliners isle and head room eliminated passenger and cargo volume and many times it‘s loaded weight and stretch it out to 8 or more times it’s length, throw away the wings, tail, fuel and tanks ten times heavier engines and electricly propel it by pickup rail, with zero traction slip, at less than railway hard wheel on steel rail rolling friction, at one fortieth the wing load lift friction of the aircraft and you have this vehicle system. All together possibly 100 to 500 times more cost efficient than an aircraft and zero crew or terminal human operators are needed any more than you need an operator or manager for a push button controlled building elevator.
Add to this low cost electricity at one fifth or less the cost of fuel and you can carry grain and ore world wide at sea level on guideways every where in the world direct farm or mine or factory door to door direct to customer, bypassing multi handling and mark up delivery stages and you have a world economy with about one third or less the overhead cost. Product prices drop accordingly as well as capital productive efficencies increase.
Personal average wealth continues to rise causing end of scarcity decreasing population growth. Over population is usually an compensation for poverty and low education levels. This allows totally integrated global trade and eventually tension free cosmopolitan global direct electronic democracy, leader and representative free govornments with a universal rights and responsibility common law base with a global citizen identity and global free market.
The 6% of global transportation jobs disappear but for a time it will still take some factory workers to build the guideways and vehicles. In the 1980s when I first started collecting information on a global guideway the US transportation job share was dropping steadily from about 9% of jobs. Retail jobs will start to disappear. They will have competition as the global guideway brings all on vehicle vending retail to the most remote and impoverished places from every other place nonstop in minutes to hours from moment of harvest or manufacturer packaging, nearly always in the same days time.
This becomes the first safe walkable animal habitat world since railways and road vehicles we’re invented. The highly tapered end guideway designs would kill fewer birds than trucks, cars and building window impacts.
This is about creating a global integrated overhead monorail structure that is eventually 40 million miles long, connecting nearly all buildings together with door to door shipping and travel access, faster than jets, more efficient than railways, creating lower cost multi ten thousand year cheap ultra deep geothermal steady state electric supply as the guideway grid advances and guideway automation recycling of all human and eventually most natural wastes. Tool carriers clear forest under brush as mulch for farming and cut fire paths across grasslands.
Modifying, improving and adding on to the existing systems is considered by absolutely all that publish as the only solution, not replacement with vastly superior systems, not even openly researching superior systems attributes.
PRT supporters have seen their fully automated and highest speed systems as contributors to a slow railroad, road and air vehicle world, not replacing the other modes but connecting them at the edges. Limited market goals leads to limited design performance expectations. Nearly all PRT vehicle proposals use wheel systems similar to road and railroad wheels. All maglev train proposals so far are clumsy, bulky, inefficient.
In a PRT emergency stop, all vehicles behind the at risk vehicle, instantly progressively slow down with only the first following vehicles stopping at three Gs or faster, about four times faster stops than locked road vehicle brakes in stopping. Controlled shorted motor motor rotors regenerate stops like electric power tools use resistor braking.
Closing the gaps in PRT traffic between vehicles while forming low drag trains of convienience at every opportunity is neccesary to increase the traffic activity or merge and demerge spaces between vehicles. Center of train entry and exits at switches-turnouts is a coordinated activity of all the vehicles near by acting as one vehicle control system. Failure is not a allowable possibility for the automation design.
This is the first in history micro tooth narrow gear wheel support and traction system. This is not a classic cog railway. The wheel motors are effectively rotary maglev systems with a low friction positive zero slip support and propulsion interface. The maglev and motor close clearance gap is mechanically controlled at all speeds by needle bearing centering. Torsional forces on the bearings virtually does not exist with guide wheels.
The vehicles and their guideways have to be light in weight enough, less than 200 pounds per linear foot of vehicle length on entrained lines, one vehicle allowed per span on the 95% of the access to every property grid miles, to make the guideways less expensive to install and use beside every property than continuing to use any form of roads soon air for personal access and deliveries.
No short trip to work, shopping and school with this set of designs, would ever travel most of the trip at less than about 100 MPH peak speed a few blocks away to 200 MPH across smaller urban areas to 400 to 650 MPH for trips over about 20 to 50 miles. Very broad motor efficiency maps and incremental coil and motor throtting mean high regenerative efficiencies recovering high acceleration losses that are no longer significant. Speed is limited by acceleration lanes and traffic density allowing train entry gaps.
The design loading is for one G normal acceleration and less if the user chooses for economy and comfort over increased trip speed. Automatic selective routing places vehicles with similar speed choices in their respective traffic route patterns.
This proposal is fearful in it’s uniquly unfamiliar components that in my life time I have never heard of, myself reading everything extensively. I am interested in ideas that might improve or refine a ultimately best human future. All questions, objection and additions are appreciated.
This is a shocking proposal to conservative people who will immediately suspect that building 40,000,000 miles of brand new guideways will cost hundreds of trillions of dollars. About $60 trillion would likely buy the whole global system and the first 300 million all purpose vehicles that replace the whole of the world’s existing transportation fleets and building four times more base load ultra deep geothermal electric power capacity using only the fully automated guideway for construction.
Incrementally the guideways might pay for themselves amortizing out to a service cost lowering from about half of auto and truck use segmentally calculated global cost to less than a tenth the comparative user cost over time as first systems debt retirement is rolled over to build subsequent installations in proceeding decades. The user cost becomes steadily less only if the guideways are self owned in the interest of all the user demanded benefits. This is portrayed as a global user direct democracy trust with a non secret user voting record as a cross check giving each user a paper record for validation when required.
The possible costs over the first decade will likely be ever less, based on probable improvement that can be roughly projected. The first half a decade of mass production will likely find defects that might raise costs over projections. As these can not be forseen projections have to be based on similar machinery and structure costs in fully automated mass production with adjustments for scale and materials differences.
This lowers electric rates and personal mobility and directly delivered product costs over using the existing global distribution systems as a bonus to guideway direct access to guideway connected users as an inducement to support conversion.
People commonly get into automobiles directly sitting down into their seats through small doors. Automobiles have no stand up access isles or onboard bathrooms. Yet people take daily short to and long cross country multi day trips without feeling at a loss for service. Just as in using automobiles the global guideway vehicles are at the instant change of occupants mind in route or stop control of their single choice occupants only vehicles. This means if you get hungry or have to use the restroom you can come to a stopping place in about one minute from just below the speed of sound. Restrooms and open restaurants are usually farther apart by time in slow road vehicles. It takes less time to get to where the rider or user demands using the global guideway. This is actually about half to a third the real time door to door trip speed of averaged multi mode and wait airline flights and air freight special delivery near by to globally. The longer the single leg trip the less the differential. Automaticly extending reclining seats can reach outside the vehicle to let the user sit down from a standing position under the weather protection of the gull wing whole side door, then the seat elevates and semi reclines the user into the minimal vehicle cross section with ample head, arm and shoulder room. More clearance than is on most first class airliners.
The guideways will set the harizon level almost everywhere on views above average lower building tops but not above most trees. Proposed is planting vines that grow up around piers and onto spans in temperate to tropic zones and colomer and other evergreens arround the poles. The spans can be painted in varigated background colors and patterns color coded to mostly be visually unobtrusive from ground levels Based on sight level video analyses keyed to the back grounds they are in front of. Reflective coatings that take on the seasonal colors of their surroundings are possible. Look at it this way the guideways are less visually aborant than the streets parking lots and highways full of colorful cars and trucks with occasional billboard advertising on their sides and all the power poles
, traffic lights, street signs and street lights the global guideway totally replaces with lawns, fields and trees. No more surface slabs other than a network of uninterrupted bike paths everywhere a totally safe walkable world. Even nearly all use of advertizing signs goes away with the advent of guideway use replacing auto use. People locate places they want to patronize on their phones and the guideway interior screens that present stable pictures unlike the soundings flashing by at hundreds of miles per hour. Why spend money on a sign when almost nobody will see it?
My wife always wanted to slow down so she could enjoy scenery. Prior guideway vehicles could be taking locally recorded images of the scenery passed through, then retransmitted on request to be projected on the interior screens at a slower speed. The guideway video cameras pick up real time passing scenery projecting these scenes or any chosen scene on interior screens that replace windows. The cameras are on average located 25 to 30 feet above the ground slow down a little bit the blinding speed sense of motion. Windows are no longer a viable option as they increase the weight, purchase cost and operating costs of advanced vehicles. Even the Musk Space X BFR is improperly presented with windows.
The industrial world is miniaturizing or shrinking in it’s foot print and need for human labor. I am writing this sitting in the center of over a hundred square miles of abandoned to little used industries on the south side of Chicago through Hammond Indianna down to Gary. As I drive through these areas even the huge buildings that rose everywhere and their former always connecting rail yards are shrinking replaced by highways that are unsustainable.
High speed delivery saves product and personal time in route. Distant jobs, product suppliers and service choices become reachable by all. Even better eventually products and services come to people instead of people having to go where they are.
Moving a household anywhere in the world involves filling a bunch of PRT vehicles by one crew with furniture and possessions get in another and travel to the new home and unpacking the loaded vehicles one at a time, as they arrive to another crew at the destination or called as needed from opportunistic access grid storage loops.
Locally people through democratic governments can buy up and repurpose older obsolete offices, factories, warehouses and big box store facilities and open them up for low cost housing new production shops and self perpetuating, often non profit robotic industry rebuilding. There are wage earning jobs that infuse local economies with cash circulation even with globally non profit industries that are user democracy controlled.
user democracies and social assistance programs for disabled or unenthusiastic people are considered socialism or communism a threat to capitalist wealthy investor gains. This is pure ideal socialism but with a difference in that all people are in control and most of the assistance comes from free for service global scale universal robotic industries that have no profit motive. Taxes should not support guideway construction and operations that are collectively controlled daily Democratic ly by the users. No leaders or elected committed of any kind should ever take control.
The guideway production machinery vehicles and tool carriers have to be manufactured and serviced. Robotic systems have to be improved on. New products not yet imagined can emerge.
Presently nonproductive administrative tasks and even computer programming needed by manipulating data systems software will become mostly obsolete professions.
The wasteful illusions of benefits from govornment management can be adaptable codefided with situational matching judgement systems comparing wording as ideas, still not AI, eliminating a need for lawyers, judges, police and armies. Together eliminating administration is and additional 30% or so cost savings beyond the 60% plus cost savings eliminating layered market delivery systems. We are left with a fourth or less the cost of current living economies. Left is eliminating religious overhead costs as a personal preference with nearly free life time computer organized school and university freed life time nonstop education systems and socialization without needing Google, Facebook, LinkedIn, prostitution, recreational drugs smoking and bars.
New forms of near zero cost listing advertising resulting from free guideway search systems, more like Wikipedia, guide people to what they want using more local automatic guideway installed shared dispersed server farms as data costs settle out at reduculosly low levels per unit of stored information. The library of Congress example becomes a local access data base. Global Wikipedia becomes the town libraiy holding. Local dispersed information travels and loads faster than distant retrieval’s. Rarer items might take a extra few mili seconds.
Personal information is personal unless you want to sell or anounce something. Cold call and Email banner advertising serves little function accept to make product costs higher entrap us guleable people in buying things and services we do not need so amoral presentation leveragers can make a profit.
Guideway spontaneous trips to meet new people with shared adventure experiences are every day occurrences if you choose. Like the Maroons in Jamaica happiness tends to displace crime and greed.
The guideway vehicles and service systems are dispersed servants of peoples whims. The Forbidden Planet Creel machine if you want, but not using the neural network for shared mind guidance.
Classicly it is always assumed that improvements are sponsored through wealthy and powerful leaders who live in mansions. Most ideas come from engineers and technicians who get little credit and normal incomes. Redirecting capital investment works with mid level managers and accountants who can look at technical value from the collective users or economic growth advantage instead of the rewarding profiteers advantage.
The guideways can make square miles of enclosed mines and military facilities into habitats. Under ground the guideways can operate without polluting the air. Ozone from contactor sparking needs to be avoided. The short small vehicles can travel through miles of seven by five foot vertically oblong tunnels at lower speeds. Two way rounded tunnels that are twice as wide allow air pressure circulation reducing interference drag making 100 MPH plus movements still economical. Mass decoupling might increase this speed to beyond the speed of sound. Cavern aging without collapse or flooding indicates habitability over time as surface conditions change. Visual lighting can be provided by posporesent plants and funguses augmented by LEDs that turn on when a brighter environment is needed in a human occupied space. The same isolated space agriculture systems can enhance the underground environment. Sedimentary and crystal cave artifacts can be preserved where they add to wall decor.
Deep geothermal wells can power underground economies as well as surface economies but need heat dissipation to the surface after a low moisture room temperature environment is reached. Most mines and caves are in the nearer surface average temperature zone not gaining much heat from below.
The proposed geothermal shaft sinking system might bore a foot a minute consisting of possibly two to three one ton direct pick up electric drive ascenders and a core slotting and snap machine making verticle to highly diagonal, usually two to three foot holes that are sliced by about half inch flame cut slots into three pie slice pieces. Lifting the third cores that might weigh two tons to the surface to be stacked till a use is found for them. No well or mine Derrick is needed on the surface only a hanging rack for the tools and guidewy delivered down hole rail system. Lifting parts down and rock out requires a lot of speed as the distance to typical production zones are over nine miles down using no truely heavy equipment.
Global direct PRT style door to door delivery with a non profit internet search system, that does not game economies, adds less to final user paid manufactured product costs than the present over 60% distribution markup for an average of all products.
The goal here is that the guideway becomes a public mobility charitable service not a designed for market nitch for profit business. This means that average to poorest income people at 95% of the world’s population become 90% of the global economy instead of 60% to 70% as is the present case. Reducing overhead facilities and construction machinery costs needed to maintain and constantly upgrade large scale slow pass through distribution businesses is the goal.
Wealthy people have more opportunities because their besetting cost of living share declines to achieve wider personal opportunities. Everybody effectively owns a personal business jet in guideway access with global range.
The cost of maintaining the non habitation production distribution and govornment military infrastructure declines with robot systems replacing human labor cost, mostly cost in the management labor share of economies. Govornment management declines to zero cost over time with non paid direct democracy using open discussions. Volunteer govornment rules the world under adoption of common law best practices that have proven themselves to work. Why constantly the needing to reinvent the wheel when the wheels work well without deteriorating environments and you cannot ship or travel much faster anyway. Instead we need to select from established social designs integrated into a global city that is plug and play with no leaders. Sim City like decision making becomes the leadership distributed over the inhabitants, only the building is for real not virtual. Personal assistants remind people to keep themselves and their surroundings neat and clean and in good repair. People might be encouraged to help each other. Laziness is often the result of lacking connections, imaginative ideas and funding or help. My personal accumulation of everything is a substitute for not having personal activities for excitement.
Limited gardening and food creation might be better than having large cut grass yards as status symbols as these require nonproductive maintainence.
As the speed of access increases, machinery and tools that use to sit idle between application is designed as standard tool carriers to be mobilized for the service of the next active user world wide. Investment in resources pay off faster if they are mobile and shared.
New global remote quality control uses the face time intantainious features of smart phones to put every person and machine vision system in nearly instant contact in the far side of the planet so remote viewing does not require cumbersome skills we no longer possess if we ever did have ultilitarian abilities like this. Making quality certification for societies that are globally disconnected but same day product delivery accessable needs direct guideway carried distributed communications. You can look in on the farms and factories where your products come from.
High speed at maximum efficency mobility for every purpose solves most economic problems if it is cheap enough in infrastructure cost to self install to every property directly using PRT routing principles in place of street and rural road systems.
All current transportation systems have fairly fixed cross section to length, size and shape geometries so they are shakled to a increase in speed being an approximately square root increase in dynamic drag energy costs and somewhat similar increase in component and running surface wear cost. Longer guideway train formation as a constantly changing operational variable can change the conventional economic speed to energy and vehicle investment cost and practical activity range calculations. Small vehicles individually carry out pick up and deliveries, short to long trains increase the speed at lower energy use. Most product delivery miles are under 100 miles in length. The figures will increase for guideway economies where speed increases at lower cost per unit miles increases activity and market ranges through direct delivery.
Every trip might be proportionally billed differently based on user selected best options or choices, higher speed verses more trip economy, more scenic route at a more leisurely speed or shared vehicle multi pick up and delivery like dial-a-ride PRT minibuses or cabs and guideway route or on demand convienience stores that come to homes. The cost of convieniece of small inventory displays that come to you instead of large fixed facility inventories you need to go to is uncertain. Recreational shopping is also uncertain as compared to practical shopping motives.
With the seats being distributed in small vehicles adding and subtracting capacity means just rerouting empty vehicles to the nearest users so excess capacity does not have to wait but travels in long sections of trains for almost free sharing the frontal area drag with low skin friction surfacing or electric field side skin friction reduction. Global to local users call up from nearly unlimited global vehicle inventories able to shift capacities at the speed of sound or faster half a world away in a days time. Predicting cyclic needs instantly using an on board unmet capacity call system.
Elongating loads behind the smallest practical frontal area reduces aerodynamic drag energy waste. Hard slip free wheels on rails Eliminates most movement support friction. Large diameter chain sprocket like tiny teeth step across humped rack gears with minimal engagement slippage and material shear loss. Tight air gap electric motors with permanent out runner magnet rotors and elongated coil step taped reduction of CEMF and flux reduction in voltage control at lower throttle or torque settings. This eliminates motor cost and reduces energy waste for very high power to weight ratio mobility systems.
Proposed is a hard surface, barrel, point or line, mostly slip free contact gear traction, electric rim drive wheel motor in-line motor chains that form the running gear of every tiny vehicle. The flat chain of wheel motors is to reduce the frontal area for the highest power possible in a tiny light weight electric vehicle. This is the power to weight ratios of the fastest jet fighters in a fully automated tiny overhead guideway universal utility taxi- delivery truck.
Deepest snow, ice, fog, most flooding, driving rain, hail, large animals, bird flocks, most forest fires, for specific reasons do not slow or stop these guideway trains.
Snows deeper than the guideways are off the ground would see these vehicles punching their own tunnels through as excessive drifts accumulate. Snow removal from the tops of spans migh take several forms to reduce sag but eventually a snow tunnel might be formed then cleared before melt collapse in warmer weather or from higher traffic load heating. Recognizing collapse conditions and remedies has to be programmed into each passing vehicles sensors that also see tree limbs protruding into vehicle paths, needing trimming by robotic machines.
The standard vehicles would be about 14 feet long over the flat cylindrical ends and about 32 feet to 36 feet long with both streamlining inflated end cones extended. Vehicles with 25 feet and longer might be used for carrying structural sections. Special vehicles tha carry longer yet sections might flex around corners with through openings on one side like ribbon rail trains.
Many larger and smaller cross sectional variant can be developed for larger sized items. The nesting accordion inflated ends might fill the gaps with tapered transition streamlining between the adjacent larger and smaller vehicles. The larger vehicle might have to pay several times the energy cost as the small vehicle unless it was running in a train of same sized vehicles proportionally priced per unit of area.
Each vehicle could be loaded down with one to two tons of goods or commodities but on average would be carrying about 500 pounds. Normally 200 foot long to 2,000 plus foot long trains of such vehicles with about 15 to 150 vehicles would pass by as often as about every three seconds carrying mostly about 500 pounds cargo or one person and possessions per vehicle.
This is like a semi load of goods or bus load of people or the same load of people mostly one at a time in cars today. Every three seconds times the average vehicle train length dictated by the speed of the guideway at a given point. Following traffic speeds are adjusted by the speeds that change from conditions ahead.
This as a three foot diameter by about four inch wide wheel increases regular speed to usually 650 MPH on all nearly straight guideways or about 10 times faster than average highway road vehicle speed between and through cities on freeways. This is about 15% faster than most very large frontal area commercial jets fly at. The standard wheel motors should be strong enough to touch on well over twice the speed sound.
Narrow motors reduces the unsupported slot width and length meaning full high speed switch or turn out length and cost reduction.
Being able to stableize the gear wheel pitch diameter while in motion and keep the wheel balanced seems like an impossibility to over come stresse expansion and thermal wheel diameter expansion. These are the issues that require a test track to see what the possibilities and limits are.
It is not certain why this is the first known proposal of this kind. Turbine engine work since the early 1900s had bearing and rim speeds of similar but lower levels. Coil or permanent magnet out runner motors had no particular stress problems even if built over 170 years ago. 15 years before the American civil War when the first heavy railroad reciprocating failed electric motor battery locomotive was tested. Rearranging the materials would have produced this exact guideway design option without the advantage of rare earth permant magnets, requireing coils nested in wire or coconut fiber wheel containment. We had the skills but misused them ever since, never thinking we would some day not be allowed to use fuel, from scarcity and pollution destruction of the living environment.
Miniature guideway 1821 Palmer monorail vehicle’s on very high speed inter city lines were then possible from the introduction time of insulated copper wire. Many experimental induction coil studies were conducted in several countries. The first generator was built to run arch lights at a battle of Paris. The first tiny ride on electric motor vehicle was demonstrated in about 1829. The first gear wheel railway patent was US patent number one in 1834.
Before Edison was born we could have been exceeding 100 MPH between cities. The ENOS system built around 1886 in South StPaul Minnesota could have been the start but this was slow and rejected in a critical bridge crossing access fight by politicians who preferred a surface street railway instead. The Whoppertal like ENOS system that was proposed for a overhead Philadelphia transit system ran in the deepest Minnesota snows as a Palmer monorail.
If the aero drag and frontal areas for long slender trains is low enough then they use less vehicle systems weight and frontal area drag to volume, at ten times the speed to ton mile energy use than mostly unstreamlined large bus, truck and rail vehicles do.
Larger frontal area vehicles that are proportionately longer have a higher volume capacity to skin and frontal area while maintaining a high section moment structural ratio. This produces efficency advantages in large aircraft, ships and railroads only where their is not land use side or grade separated clearance limits as in massive canal, railway and road systems. The large vehicles are always forever slower than the miniature self lowering access guideway and ET3 when using the same energy per net ton mile.
The unsprung weight problems with rail and road ways is different with mass produced straighter running path guideway spans that have a high span precise dimension section moment for the elimination of bumps and gaps. Long overlapping diagonal expansion joints mean no but rail joint noise or bumps. Gear teeth alignment with the expansion joints requires a motor structural strength pass through that steps changes in heating and cooling between vehicle or train passages. The motorized expansion joint of which there will be billions needed need to be custom cut into every spans to compensate for line creep from traffic and pier base geological changes.
Suspended systems using dampened limited swing leveling of the lower body are lighter than wide running gear with the body balanced on top. Tension stresses are easier than compression stresses to resist. Swinging monorails tend to keep stresses from side winds and cornering in line with beam center of moment strength. Top supported railroads put these stresses off center inducing torsional loads on span beams.
Suspended monorails offer a higher over sized clearance with the stopping of the monorail traffic to allow over height road and rail traffic to pass underneath. This high clearance is only needed untill untill we no longer need to move large oversized loads on ground level roadways that are surface guideways. Mass decoupling carriers can replace the movement of oversized loads there after or guideway spans could be quickly sequentially disconnected and lifted up taking under a couple of minutes for occasional house movers to pass structures to be moved under on the ground.
Length improves efficency in longer trucks, but mostly in longer trains producing cost per ton mile gains. It is only with difficulty that trucks drop off trailers and slowly approach loading docks and parking stalls and railway cars move at turtle speeds through sorting yards to final industrial sidings. Ships and aircraft also taxi and maneuver slowly into harbors and sky airport harbors that are separated in miles from 99.99% of their passenger and cargo origins and destinations.
The fast race car agile guideway vehicles pull into and leave the anywhere self lowering loading points like race cars pull into and leave pit stops, in a hurry as time is money and passengers and shippers will always prefer the fastest speeds if cost reduction and safety are also possible.
The slender long flexible segmental armature wrap around maglev running gear possibilities lowers the upper guideway beam and pier height by two or more feet. This also about doubles the cost of 95% of the stop on line global access guideway grid lengths compared to the wheel motors with magnetic needle bearing unloading. Since higher span section moments are stiffer with less defections in high turbulent winds and heavy vehicle loads there is room for the higher wheel motors. This extra two feet of clearance means two foot higher overpass heights. Many ways of putting the running gear beside the vehicles up inside a inverted U shaped guideway were considered but turn out cross over distances were greater meaning difficulty in supporting the unsupported wheel at high speed.
Maglev slightly reduces maintainence cost but increases electric cost while lowering drag at about the same amount by about one square foot of frontal area. No good maglev geometry has emerged with certainty. I will be a booster as soon as the ideal can be figured out.
The gear wheel motor system is basic and simple but totally untested. There is no spectacularly good maglev design that is certainly better than the proposed wheel motor design.
Vehicle heating and air conditioning at these speeds requires improved thick evacuated panel structural vehicle body insulation to keep from boiling or freezing the occupants or cargo. Tinkered surfaces reduce air resistance a little but also dissipates heat from air friction and low angle desert sun. The triple or more redundant air conditioning system requires turbocharger speed Dyson vacuume cleaner like compressors with skin mounted heat rejection coils. The fluid motor cooling can be used to provide in motion heat along with a resistance heated floor back up. A single person’s body heat alone might be enough in Arctic conditions with a two inch thick evacuated panel wall R-70 insulation surrounding.
Going faster, loading and unloading quicker and responding to wider types of nearby mobility requests faster means less vehicle volume and weight capacity or procurement cost globally is needed. The vehicle fleet investments are smaller because the vehicles have virtually no accidents and catastrophic breakdowns that wasts users time in trip delays. Vehicles run separated from ground level environmental hazards untill they are no longer economically rebuildable requireing a rare replacement of damaged vehicles. Using a 3/8 th inch carbon fiber wound or 3/16 th inch stainless steel outer shell Makes these vehicles tough in resisting all likely impact damage. Impacts with smaller tree limbs requires the vehicles come out the winner. The heavier vehicles do not ad significantly to energy use that is mostly air drag not rolling, acceleration and regenerative braking losses
Freed from road salt and UV exposure being under the guideway beam roofs these vehicle bodies might last one to several centuries in full time service. Three decades ago I started looking at the problem of blowing sand erosion and motor seal infiltration causing bearing failure and moisture shorting problems that occur with metal motor and suspension systems and exposed conductor arc over. Basalt fiber composite bodies and span beams create a electrically insulated sourpunding for all conductive parts. The designs have long since eliminated these likely problems.
The design of fast long range conventional air vehicles is around large fuel tanks high frontal area wings engines and space for crews with the weight of hard streamlining tapers with stiff bodies. Slower road and rail vehicles need larger passenger cabin spaces because their longer trip route times are less comfortable in smaller cabins and they have to have excess capacity for peak load times as adding more small vehicles is not an easy PRT one vehicle to one passenger or load destination per vehicle for on demand adjustable capacity or PRT.
Auto trip usually assume stops in route as needed for food, restroom breaks and fueling. On board food vending systems mean new form fast food snacks and drinks can be dispensed from a about eight inch vending machine at one end of eventually mot vehicles. Trips to work might include eating meals on the way without stopping. Going to the bathroom creates many problems inside a vehicle but odor detection might alleart to a sanitation offender. Cleanliness will become encouraged with greater habitual wealth in all people. In route bathroom equipment is possible as most people will travel in decided compartments in group servicing vehicles, no need for many public restrooms along the way. Rest stops every 100 miles or so might be built or just use urban built out facilities. Portable pier based public restrooms also double as shelters for people in isolated rural areas to wait for vehicles to arrive in warmth or out of the sun and rain in hotter areas.
Few PRT vehicles globally would remain parked for long because the system is always adjusting empty capacities to meet global revolving cyclic day night traffic cycle demands between areas. In the northern hemisphere the vehicles would fall just short of moving west to east in keeping empty vehicles available for morning rush hours that are progressively occurring with the rising sun. Moving water supplies west to east and pacific and Atlantic exports and morning business arrival passenger might make most trips loads for capacity distribution. The alternative is investing another $10 trillion in globally local vehicle circulating capacity. I am not sure what the pay off time would be in comparing moving empty vehicles energy and lightly loaded motor wear in building over time more vehicles to make up capacity deficits.
Empty return vehicles get folded intermittently into heavy and light loads to reduce average span loads and vibrations. A heavily loaded vehicle would joint a train on either end or between two lighter vehicles or request an empty or single passenger vehicle to pull in on either side of it to reduce it’s span load allowing it to train up on lighter rural grids than have to travel separately avoiding over load charges but still at a slightly greater cost.
Lighter span sections have lower per mile debt retirement costs for the first few years after being put in place. Debt retired spans mean possibly 10% lower trip costs where they could be found but indirect routing to make use of such economies has higher energy and trip time costs. Moving water in lower demand period ideal vehicles might take advantage of using such strategies at lower speed untill whole networks are debt retired.
Smaller high speed guideway vehicles might on average city to intercontinental miles carry more ton miles and individual client trips than ten or twenty times what most vehicles today do. This means you can afford to build them to be more rugged than road and air vehicles where they will get the hardest impacts or most abrasion wear.
Each vehicle can last a century or more With rebuilding of high mortality parts. Few replacement guideway vehicles will be needed after the first 200 million or so are built. They might last a century in service.
One global guideway vehicle replaces about 15 of the whole range of average vehicles in use today from bicycles and automobiles to ocean container ships, rail cars and jumbo jets. The guideway vehicle total trip times door to door are twice as fast as private jets for the poorest to wealthiest person. Only mass decoupled vehicles and ET3 are faster.
The global guideway tiny vehicles provide high ton mile volume mile and passenger mile capacities per hour twenty four hours a day, nonstop every day of the year, carrying intercontinental food materials and products, providing on demand police fire and medical interventions and unlimited instant disaster relief. Fixed purpose vehicles cease to have any benefits. The rural volunteer fire service model replaces the urban stand by fire department ambulance and police car systems lowering tax costs including for education as previously generalized. Every guideway vehicle has a water bladder and directable sprinkler system mostly for watering adjacent farm grounds and landscaping and fire suppression in forests. Firemen and policemen merely catch a regular guideway vehicle for the fastest trip to an emergency carrying with them any equipment or tool carrier vehicle systems they will need.
Special autonomus PRT mobile MRI and X ray heart and lung performance plus body strength and motion range and blood work up monitoring vehicles could go door to door without onboard operators, taking eye and hearing tests and scan listening to people exorsizing and at rest in a inflated portable exam room.
Dentists and doctor specialists might more cheaply travel to their patents than the patents travel to them widening their service areas. An inflatable office that can be carried and self set up is proposed. Working space for humans is a high cost in economies. Robots can fit into thigher quarters and need no personal spaces. The vehicle might leave it them another vehicle come back to make the next location movement. Remote operators that need not be phystians remotely examine people without any clinic building or staff overhead.
The machine learning expertise exists in the billions of constantly accumulating indicators with categorized Xrays data to outcome examples with demonstrated results and treatments. This proven ever more to be beyond any human’s ability to comprehend. New data analysis programs that more rapidly bracket and direct the health care and wellness data searches will be built up.
This health data combined with on cell phone user taken photos of affected body problems and directed medical patient or systems user survey inventories of hundreds of thousands of combinations of user stated problem related questions posed to people needing medical help. Smart phone apts then follow up with treatments suggestions and lifetime better lifestyle practice full time assistant coaching. The coaching actually should be cradle to grave for everybody on the planet and soon off world.
This might replace the whole of today's global healthcare professions, government agencies and industries at a cost so low that it becomes not only patient charge free but tax support free automated longevity improving system. Today health care is over 18% of the cost of the US domestic economy possibly half of the effects on the govornment economies with health care for all programs right behind investing in police and military killing systems.
Again the manufactures of the mobile PRT self lowering pod examination rooms earn money by one time payments or time payments reimbursed by user fees paid to the guideway user controled global to local provider who buys and maintains the self managing autonomus vending mobile equipment. Many kinds of equipment suppliers will be competing with each other. Some will become quickly debt paid off and over the decades digress to survices in poorer areas till they can no longer be maintained. No remote place would be without the best possible health care or getting them in minutes to a facility for specialty interventions. Different maintenance programs will emerge beyond the user coop controlled proposal for the guideways and vehicle’s. Manufacturers making poor quality equipment that is hard to remotely use 365 days a year 24 hours a day will probably fail. Who handles liability for incorrect treatments that do more harm than good? A global guideway fund for compensation like a global guideway backed health care program is proposed. This might provide care using a combination of individual out call and clinic providers and the PRT roving automated exam rooms.
All present fully automated guideway standards are artifacts of obsoleate thinking. Semi reclining knees up seats allow people to tolerate much higher G loads. There are no standing passengers. ADA wheel chair requirement for stand up busses and train and commercial aircraft no longer make sense with these miniature vehicles. Possibly less than one in ten thousand or a hundred thousand or more loads and trips involves use of a wheel chair. It is far cheaper to give fully reclining to elevating guideway conpatable wheel chairs to those that need them than to saddle the rest of the economy with four to six times the aero drag frontal area to allow a wheel chair inside turn around room. Magnetic wheel chair hold downs up to about 15 Gs are possible. These new design chairs can be stair climbers as well as all direction all terrain moving running gear. Nothing like this has ever been prototyped before. All the components exist separately.
Today, as always in history, institutions and people are emotionally risk avoidant. We choose familiar transportation with high known losses, risks and inefficiencies compared with the self lowering guideways.
Because each 1,500 to 2,500 pound vehicle has on average about 1,500 to 3,000 peak horsepower in intermittent electric motors, they will have to pick up power and put power back into the local multipule loop main 6,000 volt DC span structural power grid. Trains will require often 200 to 300 megawatts of area power to carry out an emergency acceleration or get a heavy unit train up to speed. Most trains pass through with few speed changes or stops so mostly individual groups of vehicles joining and leaving the trains are the largest common resistance loss power demand. Static power potential in the guideway grid produces no inductive or resistance losses. Normally little local power is needed as most vehicles are cruising in trains, a few local vehicles accelerating and a few decelerating in any given area trading off about 85% of their speed change energy through regeneration. If a local train has to decelerate then most of that energy momentarily is absorbed by having the local geothermal generators coasting for a moment to keep the voltage level. Area vehicles can use this energy by slightly accelerating for cooperative voltage control just as they might decelerate to help a large factory process start up. The guideway is an inertial capacitor in storage for rare local overload or overpower events. Huge stableizing power factors are possible. The local overlapping communications system tells all the vehicles, that are user enabled to do so, to cooperate in emergencies of all kinds.
When empty vehicles are needed to meet demand second by second around the demand area a broadening ring phone communications dispersal processor call area asks for vehicles to fill in the deficits. First nearby vehicles beyond those needed for time probability local traffic needs passed from vehicle to vehicle leaving and coming into the area with no central computer. The deficit empty vehicle areas can fill in from supply’s ten thousand miles away if needed.
A flow of vehicles will emerge following the rotation of the Earth to meet cyclic day demands, literally slowing down the plant over millions of years. ET3 will not have this effect because it is not fighting air resistance.
By reducing bearing and wheel wear using tungsten hard contact surfaces with almost zero slip flat gear contact with no differential diameter friction that exists in flanged wheel or rubber tread contact as in railways and road vehicles and using variabe gap permanate magnet unloaded bearings the high speed wheels need not wear any faster than slow wheels. Traction is by slip free fine gear tooth rim or tread minor or tooth root diameter barrel contact. The teeth make verticle to more horizontal spot contact with little slippage if the pitch diameters match closely. Accuracy is critical at the highest speeds. This eliminates traction slippage. All aircraft and ship fan or propeller drives involve high turbulence and thermal loss inefficiencies.
Mostly urban urban neighborhood near by commuting and shopping trips at slower speeds of usually between a peak 100 MPH to 200 MPH would occur even on stop on line access guideway sections. There is no reason to go slow unless the user wants to take a little traveled route to sight see or reduce the physical stress of high acceleration and cornering rates.
This requires absolute line occupancy detection using on vehicle situational position announcers through two to three local communications paths, one being a proposed hard wired multi diverging path EMP resistant inductive system, one a cellular radio frequency carrier and one being a fiber optic relay system for longer distance merges at higher speeds. Failures are unacceptable so if a vehicle losses signals it slows down to a creep speed facilitating line of sight detection, that is the fourth of five redundant systems including on going internal traffic memory location matching.
This all means fewer fully automated self lowering access vehicles are needed. The empty often mixed capacity race car fast vehicles arrive at a service call in less time. The faster the vehicles the less time it takes at a penny or two a mile to get a passing or parked empty vehicle or one carrying a shared load occupant or cargo to pick up a calling individual service or shared user. User clients can chose the fastest options or ask for the cheapest options that might require a longer wait.
The guideway grids being light weight at about 100 to 200 pounds vehicle span load per linear foot become cheaper to build and operate vehicles over than road vehicle systems. Roads are designed for spread out loads of 1,200 pounds a lane linear foot but axle linear contact loads at about fifty times that of the proposed full length distributed loads of the chained guideway wheels. Rail vehicles are designed for around 4,000 to 5000 pounds per linear foot loads with running gear axle loads of up to about 70,000 pounds or about 1,200 times more concentrated load than the linearly distributed numerous chains of about 300 to 600 pound normal load guideway wheels. The unladen or light load for the guideway wheel motors would be about 200 to 300 pounds but shock loads of 5,000 to 10,000 pounds could be absorbed without rail or bearing failures.
Failures that occur from wear are acostic signature classifiable with single failed motor stop and retraction. Each wheel motor might function with up to half or more of its coil IGBT commutation units failed separately. Group or single replacement might occur when a transducer detects anomalies in running gear sounds. Similarly every running gear set is monitoring and reporting to span requesters, misalignments and rail wear failures in every foot of guideway constantly being passed over as well as local cross wind and earth shifting vibrations. The high speed system has to know conditions to take fully automated actions to prevent deterioration and hazards. Anemometers located remotely and on every other guideway pier migh predict vibration inducing cross wind conditions alerting approaching vehicles to take suspension lock up actions.
There is much more to these design details and without testing, more not known than knowable.
Cost is less because energy and debt retirement shares are less as the speed is higher. This is only possible with minimally small and linearly lightest weight vehicles. This is only possible by designing every vehicle with mostly two semi recumbent knees up passenger seats plus room enough inside each vehicle for well over 99.99% of all larger items used by people. Knees up seats reduce the acceleration and deceleration stresses on weaker passengers. Several new to my life’s experiences kinds of passenger restraint systems are proposed.
A new kind of seat with hundreds of design variables are proposed. This is made of a oval or oblong tubular stainless steel frame with a stainless spring wire mesh net bound together with hard ceramic or plastic beads. This conforms to body countours but allows back side air to flow through for rear fan heating and cooling and power washing clean up. You could not cut this flexible sling seat with any knife or ax tool. The wear life could be centuries long sanitary if well designed and the comfort might be as good as it gets in conforming to pocket bulges and clothing seams. Cabin sound dampening requires stiff fur like basalt fiber fire proof wall and floor lining. This needs to not have backing porosity that holds smells And needs to be easily high temperature bonded replaceable.
Couches desks dressers and refrigerators, drywall and plywood but not ridged larger mattress would fit inside every standard vehicle.
A commodities bag on every vehicle can carry one to three tons of grains, ores, flour, water or syrups, no fuels are ever again needed and fewer volatile plastic feed stocks are used as bulk materials. These food or process materials commodities are classed for different vehicle commodities bags are entered and discharged through a common top and bottom opening in large tough fabric reinforced envelopes vacuum collapsed against the side wall opposite the whole side gull wing door. Many vehicles might have two bags one for domestic water and one for almost everything else. A wash out system allows every vehicle to do almost everything so few mostly parked specialty vehicles are necessary.
Every vehicle would be able to participate full time in world wide commerce carrying people during rush hours, then going inter city or to other continents through floating ocean tubes during the 90% of the times of lower human movement demand.
Vehicles with internal delivery manipulators pick up and deliver mail and packages even full self mobile electric goods containers. These new containers replace pallets and lift trucks in most warehouse and stock rooms. Pallet box like self mobile containers migh collapse for empty lower volume return stacking. Many all new designs are proposed. This new system creates new service possibilities.
Every vehicle is devided into two to five seperate compartments separated by roll up inflated deviders with Velcro edges that engage the wall and floor basalt carpeting. Passengers could be seated behind inner seperate gull wing doors that only open with the main outside door when that compartment is needed to be accessed. Mixed passenger and goods or mail loads could occupy seperate compartments in each vehicle for shared group services. Or open up the patricians for single users.
interior robotic monitoring of occupant or cargo activities such as noise, heat, vapor releases is nessasary to provide emergency service. Making these detectors and analyzers action systems non invasive is a large set of criteria trying to roboticly mimic effective human choice intervention stages.
The running gear proposeded is the only slip free propulsion and movement high speed support system ever described, meaning low wear and lower rolling friction. Low air resistance is mandatory along with two to hundreds of vehicles sharing their frontal areas in trains.
Air friction and wake drag in boats, aircraft and road vehicles consumes 80% of the transportation fuel we burn today in transporting ourselves and goods. Once we solve this problem lowered friction can be turned into greater speed. Lowering rolling friction and wear becomes the default next big problem.
Proposed is rolling element bearings that are maglev unloaded to reduce friction farther and increase wear life. Seals lift from their wavy or eccentric seats after about 15 MPH as the lubrication is held in and dust rejected centripitally as speed increases.
From my early 1900s Literary Digest collection I found a yearly series of articles on the hazards of transportation. In the earliest ones horse and train accidents at about 6,000 and 8,000 as I remember the figures were killed each year. Soon auto accidents and street railway accidents predominated.
Another aside is that looking poverty by urban data sets by area the poorest properties occupants died 26 to 31 years sooner than the wealthiest statistical block areas.
This brings up the problem of the moral efficacy of all forms of govornments and large scale for profit businesses. The charity and personal growth of people assisted by common rules and sharing of gains has been around for all of human history. Animal herds, groups and families even develope self help strategies for better survival. Intelligent beings are more responsible to perfect these systems and identify and regulate problem members that detract from mutual best improvements.
War preparations are criminal activities that can harm and enslave the citizens of involved countries. The guideways can never legitimately be used to assist in any way in war making preparations. A single global to all of space set of common law and economic and environmental responsibilities should govern guideway activities just as all personal and business collective activities. After 8,000 years of creating rules for actions that affect others there should be no arguments about universal common law and responsibilities. This is beyond further discussion but is complex in that a improper regulation or tax itself becomes a violation and crime when levied against a non offending or low income individual.
Reducing the size and cost of defensive administrative govornments is different from preventing limited assistive transfers of wealth that elevated impoverished lower classes to be able to maintain themselves with out such assistance. There is no obligation to allow wealthy people to gain unlimited wealth and power where they cease to contribute to the fastest sustainable economic product an services efficient flow in an economy.
Free enterprise ceases to es to be free when most or even a small part of an economy are treated as virtual slaves.
The universal guideway user democracy should have no age, social or economic class or property location limits. A human user votes while passing through an area for operating choices for that areas guideway decisions. This can become global nontraditional govornment that is far cheaper in overhead and less likely to develope oppressed and oppressor classes than by the known forms of traditional govornment.
Rule one has to be you can not vote out any universally listed right or vote the tax beyond an ability to pay in good health.
To permanatly sustain advanced economies all of us need higher cost to benefit ratio, efficient, faster transportation powered by very deep, bore anywhere geothermal electricity. Central power plant and wire distribution networks, natural gas and oil pipelines will likely be uncompetitive against the guideways, over a few decades falling into zero use. Guideway electricity is cheaper to hook up to and cost less per KWH or BTU equivalency. Local geothermal power wells offer almost free energy building and process heating districts, making life in the far north and Antarctica tolerable and affordable. This replaces the multimodal road way predominate and fuel burning economies.
In today’s northern economies millions of square miles of road vehicle surface access areas require snow removal and ice salting several times a year. The guideways would keep going even if buried under thirty feet of snow by operating in self made snow tunnels through the deepest drifts. The proposed stake base pier guideways can be pulled up and moved to different alignments over less mobile ice caps and glaciers and accumulating ice.
Road, rail, river barge, ocean ships, commercial aviation all fail complete environmental certification which the guideways would pass forever. None of the present systems are sustainable or completely safe.
The guideway options remain untested but not unknowable. Finding a superior system should be a global priority but gets zero interest only adding to and improving the existing systems.Attracts most researcher, institution and developer attention.
Full finite task automation, often mistakenly called AI or artifical intelligence robotic machine control replaces the bulky containment, limited endurence and high operating cost of human controllers. In this global guideway this is all built in from the start as dispersed self managing finite element electronic management of all the proposed systems.
The problem with the conventional view of decision making robots, that self learn, is they are seen as evolving to where they can trouble shoot and repair themselves, even eventually design and build themselves without assistance. In a world made for robots this might be practical. In a world made for humans and not to destroy the animal and plant life we need a complex staged finite automation is needed This is not pure AI management but full direct human user control. Self aware automation will see us as irrelivent biology cluttering up a vacuume environment survivable pure mechanical space has no limits economy.
Humans are the constant creative, tactilely emotional, enjoying , artistically appreciating, benefiting observers, mthecreasion existance makes any sense. Without appreciator modifiers or ourselves, evolving or programmed plant, animal and emerging in our perspective AI machine ecologies are a waste of good experiences.
Humans as benefiting users have to remain in charge of the workings of the systems they use not just passive headonistic benificeraries.
Several Ted Talks and studies cover human learning verses machine program learning. Humans learn faster with better retention on the job doing things than we do from pure class room data presentations. Humans are integrated body mind assemblies. Machine learning may be similar at some level but basicly only needs a direct and finite path between data and connected actionable tasks that are always so far designed in.
Proposed here is that the guideway vehicles come complete with on board screen, page subject indexable full explanations of all the in depth layers of guideway design and operation to make desiring users more informed about how everything works, so they can become educated democratic decision makers and policy influencers. This internet based on board entertainment like education should be presented for everything in known life on peoples cell phones. Presently all of this information is mostly available but never presented as options ahead of irrelevant social interests, products for profit and entertainment excitement. Hands on learning expieriences creates retention tens of times better that repetition of information.
Proposed is self guided tours of vehicles and their parts and operations in real time for rider entertainment where riders can see and when desired participate in activities around vehicle services or maintainence and economics. Every vehicle is a traveling guideway economy school, tour guide of 40 million miles of local history you can travel through and a social emissary to resolve user problems. The guideway bank and currency idea is based on the guideway becoming the single most important institution extending out to guideway launch and catch rings for off earth economies. It is not know by me if a mass decoupled vehicle can be tether launch and recovered from a ring.
This could create some people who might develop guideway systems and service improvement as a challenge to help themselves towards global economic efficiency improvement. This is much as some people build apps for cell phones with little compensation other than the challenge and accomplishment.
Understanding the workings of the guideways is no different than a basic understanding of car ownership and maintaining as economic decision making in keeping a car running well.
The vehicles themselves with simple limited or finite response automation can maintain and trouble shoot themselves without people. More observer eyes on problems with shared democratic user controlled creative input administration should mean better performance.
People need encouragement to apply themselves to challenges through personal assistant smart phones.
Possibly other systems might prove to be better designs than the self lowering in air miniatue guideways in replacing the use of paved street access. ET3 could eventually be such a system that might have a bi-end whole interior drawer slide out loading ET3 vehicle, with vacuume entrapping tripoint seal air locks in every basement. This might be done at a little more than double to triple the present cost of the self lowering system.
ET3 access can also use fully automated self managing installation equipment. The problem is access and egress requires at least a $5,000 cost air lock connected to another $10,000 or more cost in a turnout to PRT bay loading, to clear the tube behind. This is no more than the cost involved for typical American family home driveways with a garage and curb cut access. But that is not a common global standard residential investment level as yet.
The overhead guideway over streets beside sidewalks and over yard and field areas even through deep forests is accessable any where safe lowering is possible. Roof top connection require a small compilation or awning covered platform be built at every residence with a stairs down to the living quarters. Apartments might have spiral guideways assending to any height supported by the buildings exterior framing. Ramp and safety surrounding access systems can keep the rain once and snow off the loading spot at every apartment exterior wall. This might cost $1,000 to $5,000 per apartment for the from the guideway self installation plus the cost of a walk door open grate ramp penetration. Installation from the outside is possible using guideway support relying on building wall support. Stud finding improvement is required possibly using thermal imaging or sound detection as well as mad or nail finding. Wire and plumbing detection and rerouting is also a problem to be worked out. Multi inspector codes inforcement needs up dating for simplification to each owner as well as batch filing fees and permits.
The global guideway would usually reach seperate homes directly using a stop on line through guideway. Most of the time on most streets and rural roads everywhere traffic is highly intermittent. A vehicle might take between 20 to 30 seconds occasionally upwards of a minute to slow to a stop, rapidly lower to ground level, open the full gull wing door, rapidly watching for interferences every where around, swing out the seat or drop off the package or ramp down unload a small to full sized self mobile container or personal vehicle or dump water or pick up sewage concentrate, trash or other items to be delivered and close the door while ascending back up to the guideway to rapidly accelerate back up to speed. Rarely a following vehicle might have to route around on the access grid or slow a little or stop to wait. This access would be on grids that would usually have speed limits of under 100 MPH. This is on most side streets with speeds of 15 to 25 MPH. With no obstacle collision possibilities speed is limited only by curvature and these vehicles can bank to over 45 degrees to keep passengers and loads level in high speed corners and curves.
A one G common stop from this speed is about 5 seconds taking about 500 feet. We are use to slow vehicle use so all of the guideway is as unfamiliar to us today as driving our cars would be to someone in the horse and buggy era.
Self lowering anywhere access combined with the much less than the limited suspended guideway speed of about 650 MPH, is more utilitarian, sacrificing the higher ET3 speed, operating efficiency and hugely greater simplicity of not being able to run vehicles as ET3 does as pure PRT style, not needing to join a train.
ET3 can also use wheels at speeds up to about 2,000 MPH but cooling the onboard motors becomes the limitation. Even with maglev super conducting coils and permanent magnets get warm and need to be cooled at higher speeds. Safe ET3 requires full length regenerative coils or for emergency high G stopping a hysteresis rail brake. The elongated rod armature spreads the magnet convective heat tube radiated dissipation of thermal gains in magnets over more surface area to dissipate into the coil cooling jacket. The armature could retract away from the air lock door side pushing the capsule against the door seal till the latches grab the vehicle to keep it from blasting back into the vacuume with 20 tons of pressure differential. on door opening.
The only reason the guideway vehicles need to join in trains is that at 100 MPH it takes a less than 100 KWs per vehicle to maintain single in train speed but at 650 MPH this goes up to around 3500 to 4000 KWs for a single vehicle to maintain speed by itself. This not only uses a lot of electric power but in warmer weather most of these standard length vehicles would not be able to sustain that just subsonic speed running alone for very long, just a few minutes. In trains this frontal area drag is shared by all the vehicle motors with very little skin friction and motor windage armature drag remaining per vehicle.
while the wheel motors might, near the speed of sound spin at about 10,000 RPM the upper guidewheels that are lightly loaded be small enough to spin at 40,000 RPM while the lower guidewheels will have to spin slower due to carry all non gravity cornering loads.
In longer trains the vehicle plus a single occupant to a ton or 180 cubic feet of cargo can be carried at about 50 KW at 650 MPH. Not only does people and goods arrive faster but fewer vehicles or volume and weight capacity are required.
The small fast vehicles cost no more than railway freight cars, about the cost of semi trucks but a fraction the cost of aircraft per ton miles per day carried unit. Keeping energy and service costs low is the goal.
Pre-preg composite for wide and long panel sheeting, that could be inflated, cured, back filled with foam or evacuated after blown in reflector fibers. Migh become the vehicle and habitat material best choice.
What ever the ideal general service form the guideway should not be forced on people. If it is the cheapest fastest most convienient system then people will have to see it in action against road access, drone taxis and ET3 and see which might work best. Possibly wealthier areas might opt for ET3 while pooer areas might opt for the slower self lowering guideway at five times the average speed of high speed rail and ten times the average speed of expressway road vehicles but not orbital velocity capable like ET3. Nobody will likely opt for long for drone mobility cities for any practical reasons.
Every activity on the planet needs to be connected together by a unified world wide to everywhere on imediate demand door to door nonstop fast safer system.
Eventually you could get into a ET3 capsule or pod and go directly non stop to Earth orbit and recieve a capsule full of moon gravel mined hours earlier by regenerative return ET3 non stop in the same vehicle at about $2 to $8 a pound shipping fees. This is mostly paying off the balanced regenerative loss and IGBT wear out costs.
Molecular particle traps on every vehicle end maintains and even forms the tube vacuum, no pumps are even needed.
The moon and earth could become connected by a variable length ET3 space tether with a transition gap between. This could carry huge tourist, commodities and goods traffic as the moon gravity provides a good place to tour and short term recover from injuries at In fixed heavy radiation resistant shelter.
At this point the electric flow from the Earth to the moon is uncertain, but might be a power source. Never forget the possibilities of dipole charge imbalances causing disasters.
This best mobility system needs to eliminate any requirement for propulsion or energy averaging batteries as needed in autonomus PV powered road vehicles and solar powered PRT Highway and monorail train proposals. Solar power outside of planetary shadows is practical if you want to travel slowly towards the edge of the solar system. But it is not practical in orbit or on the surface of rotating planets with out a power grid reaching around the planet. Better batteries are still a cost, maintenance, critical materials waste and pollution problem not an advantage in any Earth based system ever proposed.
Heavy slow ships and overseas airlines can be replaced by fast under 2 foot draft mile long under 200 square foot frontal area SES turbo electric prop fast sea trains carrying most over ocean aircraft passengers and speeding up global goods commerce. These would have access to hundreds of thousands of miles of smaller rivers not reachable by deep draft barges. This is a connection with mobile sea steading communities, until the PRT guideway ocean tubes are built to make cross water transportation single mode trip every direction seamless. Sail and solar longer sea trains can operate at 20 to 200 MPH speeds without fuel but thorium reactor electric fans remains the best propulsion system.
Thorium reactor powered sea trains can operate without stopping for service or refueling for years at 200 to 400 MPH speeds based on existing fan electric propulsion using combined figures from GE90 engines using electric rim drive out runner motors and submarine power plant working examples with thorium breeder shells and hot cores.
On board Thorium reprocessing remains an uncertainty But some centrifuge concentration and moving slow transfer to ever more centralized enriched concentric core tubes with only the inner layers might be used for heat extraction Not mixing with the yet to become fully reactive outer layers.
New safety systems are proposed that might make such nuclear life time cheap fueled systems safer than internal combustion systems. Seperate from multipule shared turbo generator two or three reactors might be mounted with self driven coolant cuirculation pumps so as to be individually droped through the seat train trailing power car or barge bottom if a hazard should separately develope in one reactor that could not be shut down contained. The sea train continues on while the sunk reactor self cools untill it can be salvaged.
This future low overhead global economy requires direct local geothermal electricity connected global transportation. It becomes difficult to stop transportation and electric supplies due to regional disasters or war efforts. Millions of geothermal local generators would localize the worlds energy supply.
Light weight equipment using a twin gear rail shaft climber can drill large diameter shafts ten miles deep or more in about three months with no person in attendance. Similarly the side turret drills and down hole plumbing might all be carried out by automated machinery more cheaply than by crewed systems using today massively huge drill string or cable access mine tools. Shaft climbers or ascenders are fast all angle mobility requiring new rock thin kerf slotting, core shaping and segmental not rubble or muck removal. Energy and tool wear costs are less and thousand mile long or as deep as you can go shafts become cheaper per mile than a two lane or even one lane paved road on land. $500,000 a mile or less.
A universal service fully automated entrainable PRT guideway and electricity utility is to users a everywhere transportation and energy global vending machine.
You could use your bank cards on the compact Proposed designs for compact seat arm rest payment machine in every guideway vehicle. This is a full banking and investment service ATM on guideway bank to get what ever you needed in cash or check transactions that your account allowed you to pay for.
You could use the internet to communicate with the guideway treating it like a fully automated local to global transportation world access utility machine.
Not having any humans to profit, the guideway bank can operate at a smaller overhead cost and eventually become the global monetary system because it has a high asset and utility value to everybody and the global financial customers are all collectively the banks board of directors, operating officers, armature examiners and advisors.
This leads to global guideway real democracy government and financial management replacing national currencies with a international currency, call it what every body agrees on Banquer or global dollar or pound.
the problem of enticing people to increase their intellectual grasp and information range beyond personal learned attachment all the way to statistical consideration will take time and unrelenting efforts. Beliefs die even in the sciences requiring constant reviewing and refreshing of understanding.
While manufacturers would contribute to make and improve on the products needed by people the cost per unit of seat mile ton mile or delivery action would drop to about 5% to 15%, soon less, of the current mixed mode system costs that relies on external financial management. This is the difference between having to maintain ground supported transportation that requires a high human labor, management and constantly deteriorating brittle high mass and land consumptive infrastructure overhead cost and the ultra light jet speed all overhead guideway.
This guideway is ultra light weight in total systems mass. It depends on transportation and energy being a fully automatically managed and self placed universal utility serving all user benefits goals that is user immediately on demand controlled. Transportation has to be immediately available with any request and as fast as the speed of sound safely locked into the right left or straight ahead guideway path.
every guideway vehicle can collect comparative operational data looking at different manufactured systems cost to benifits ratios. A mature user groups can take on tracking and research tasks eliminating govornment and industry studies that always seek profit and power. Constant improvement should be the goal for the global standard networked in air and ET3 systems.
ET3 space orbital and toss and regenerative recovery is room temperature non thermal all electric even on Earth space travel. Eventually more and more homes will have ET3 end loading tri seal air locks in their basements where they can directly go to the single equatorial orbital ring an travel from there too the Moon without leaving their capsule seat. The trip might take about 6 to 20 hours depending on whether you took the most efficient or the fastest path. There are a lot of detail variables described in part further on.
This should be a global self owned or user trust that is user local to global direct democracy controlled as a ever more charitable universal public utility. Governments and private operating corporations are all potentially corruptible so can not get involved in operations lest they again warp the services to create avenues for profit and power infighting.
The users know what they want and should have all oversight in decision making. If the users ask what seems like impossible demands, more than the impossible already being delivered, the next ET3 stage is already being developed and should be developed as a parallel inter city, inter continental, inter planetary system for 2,000 to 60,000 MPH higher speeds. The faster ET3 speeds would be for interplanetary and orbital transfer space launch, toss and recovery ring systems.
Proposed is mediating soft ware to allow property owners to get the type of service that suits them and their neighbors, to cooperatively as mush as possible at any given time make the mutually best decisions. The problem is working out differences in alignment opinions and preferences of access style.
The guideways are portable, being easily installed using stake driven piers that can be pulled up and moved as needed. The span parts and assemblies can be reused and shape adapted for the first time in history similar to railway rails and ties to what ever alignment is required. Only this control is three dimensional including the world’s first structural limit automatic expansion and span arch control joints suspension long spans arch twist and alignment control.
Internet communications might shortly follow this PRT model because the guideway is a cheaper way to deliver high capacity guideway carried instead of buried fiber optics and more frequent finely divided cell tower sites on occasional piers everywhere. Data centers devolve into all on device storage and decentralized on guideway switches. The system works a little like the interconnections in every brain.
Dark fiber would follow the guideways as well as geothermal power plant electric capacity levels carried by the grid span structures being connectable any where the guideways arrive at. Farmers could use electricity for field work. Farm fields migh soon resemble checkerboard strip orchard forests with open clearings and rugged animals grazing under the trees. The system might be multiply self regenerating. Guideway grid access might be through out leaving little distance for electric vehicle automated services to travel.
The guideways become a cheap way to move millions of tons of water to any place on the 40 million eventual miles of the basic access global grid.
For profit companies will as they always have figuring out ways to make profits off of essentially nonprofit fully automated self managed or user managed utility services. Investors take advantage of a higher velocity of money in a permanatly sustainable marketplace and ecology that is more robust than the current global economy that will shortly reach transactional supply cost peaks or ecological limits until we eliminate the fuel and user owned vehicle and equipment market place.
Everything hinges on a permanatly sustainable ecology and critical materials supplies in which the human economy has to presently exist. This ecology predominated before humans arrived and is unlikely to be replaced by us for thousands of years to come with a global sustainable substitute theme park like ecology of our design.
First year vehicles can debt retire in about one year at 2 to 3 cents a user mile, the guideway access grid debt retires at about 5 to 15 cents a user mile, the bore anywhere power plants and additional 3 cents or more to debt retire in about three to five years. Maintenance and energy on going electricity and wear and replacement costs might be between about 2 cents to 7 cents a vehicle mile occasionally being both cheaper and higher in certain user circumstances and short trip higher cost charges.
After about the third to fifth years this possible capital costs are incrementally paid off buy the user charges and those debts would progressively lower to a fairly flat user cost at about 1/20th to
1/60th the average cost of current transportation.
First developmental companies will require more insight than they showed on the Hyperloop projects that push aside rational detractors working towards irrational conformist formatting.
Proposed here is a new example that may transcend all the problems with past wheel born systems being lower in rolling resistance at speeds as high as jet aircraft with frontal area drag coeficients lower than recumbant streamlined bicycles at only about double their common frontal areas.
Proposed is a new form of I beam shaped running gear wheel motor chains with variable permanatly magnet unloaded needle bearings. Micro gear narrow width dual gear rim wheel support eliminates slippage wear in exchange for a microscopic verticle vibratory rolling movement. Whether this would translate into audible sound is uncertain as the frequency is above human and most animal hearing frequency levels most of the time. Traction limits no longer exist so emergency regenerative stops of up to 3 to 4 Gs become practical when required and climbing almost verticle slopes if needed is practical.
Longer distance entrainment with separately routed PRT vehicles joining in and leaving from in motion drag reduction trains of opportunity at sea level. The single vehicle share of trained drag drops to where faster than commercial jet speeds become economically common and practical.
The guideways on which the vehicles run are alignment adjustable in a new way to provide smooth rides at very high speeds yet be cheap enough to directly be placed by or connect together nearly every home and business and popularly road accessed site on the planet. If a place can be reached by a mechadamized road sewers and power lines Then a all new guideway is lower in cost to build that also provides cheaper electric energy access than natural gas or the lowest cost PV system.
Most primitive villages getting a guideway spur would not only get cell service, unlimited water, power and a on demand delivery of everything they could pay for as well as remote recycle removal of all wastes and the whole globe to directly sell their products in with same day delivery to the far side of the planet but the equivalent to a village center international airport and container ship port combined with a grade separated local highway network.
This access might cost as little as $300,000 to $2,000,000 a mile depending on one way or two way single vehicle or train occupancy per span between piers. Commerce could come to all people never before participating in the global economy.
Left is the problem of maintaining a desirable universal good tasting high protein diet without trashing the oceans ecolological sustainability. This to might be solved by the global guideway’s connection to lower cost ocean agriculture systems that require lower input mobility costs and sea food farms instead of decimating base ocean food chain feed stocks. Fully automated massive guideway factory based insect farms can produce the improved animal feed protien. New forms of middle ocean depth base netted farms along the guideway ocean network paths are proposed in verticle descending ecology layers of concentrated production.
We can no longer simply extract without circularly replacing consumed resources. This requires very flexible low cost return mobility that does not itself create pollution and flood run off problems created by large area pavements and road and railroad embankment restriction of natural drainage.
The guideways raise over coastal citie’s transportation to where elevated or floating buildings no longer need surface transportation or airports. Flooded costal neighborhoods could live in guideway connected water separated issolation from nearby areas that would be abandoned like man made new forms of corral reef habitats made from the lowered rubble of flooded cities. Sunken ship and oil platform reef habitats are examples as well as mangrove cultures.
Sea levels will continue to rise anyway to levels where guideway rebuilding of higher inland cities becomes unavoidable. The guideways can cross oceans in small two way reverse cuirculation reduced pressure ocean tubes. These Davis tube networks are cheapest with small frontal area PRT vehicles like the original Skytran designs. Ocean automated fabrication and installation does not require the massive systems used today for suspended roadway tubes.
Across ocean tube costs are about $10,000,000 a mile in average three mile bottom depts at 100 foot to 200 foot under surface floating tube suspension depths using a new anchorage placement and position adjustment system. Lower costs could follow.
All of these issues require producing companies that are not afraid to operate where no one has gone before, using new production machinery they will probably have to develop themselves. The creative talents are there but suppressed by the lack of applied physics guided leadership.
Beyond this, the question of how best to develope modern economies with the emergence of lower cost robotics needs addressing. See all the Issac Aurthur videos for guidance In bound instead of outward bound. If we do not improve the efficiency of the Earth’a economy there will be little outward bound economies.
Few people will make a living off of small cafes and gift shops or massage- beauty parlors. When the guideways go direct retail and door to door specialty medical procedures even amazon and Walmart will become limited and go the way of Sears, Wards and Penny’s. There too go the big box retail jobs following the automotive and trucking jobs. Farmers with eyes and boots on the ground will still have a place if they sell products from fields to guideway global food at home sales, leave the vegetables in the cooled guideway delivery receiver box.
Scarcity might vanish but is of no value if you have no income source anyway. WPA like new jobs might help a little to do clean up detailing or speculative remodeling.
In any catigory how many people can be sustained in jobs that work themselves out of work in the near future. Individual personal assistants and self organizing groups might create new tasks but if demand or acceptance of taxing and transferring wealth to pay for the work is low then people will still be out in the cold.
Proposed is designs for automaticly manufacturing evac panel wall houses that have their own solar electric system and water and geothermal heat averaging well drilling system. To save production and distribution costs the appliances might be built in delivered as counter top and cupboard packages made to be infinite workin core repairable. Proposed is glue together panes that like LEGO’s create custom house plans of all sizes, finishes and floor plans. in a day or tow one or two people or a robotic system can put a house together slid loving the parts the letting the glue strengthen the joint in an hour or so. This might give billions of permanatly comfortabe low cost zero energy houses to people. Only food cost remains as clothing can be found hand me down or cheap. The guidewy brings everything to the property.
last is thecrant about safety. Every year road vehicles kill about 1.3 million people. Every four decades this conservative number is the total deaths in WW2, this does not include the losses from pollution in life shortening years. PRT will be about 200 to a 1,000 times safer than human controlled road vehicles, even when rushing 25 feet off the ground at 950 feet per second.
Interested in a permant happy future for large populations of humans? It takes a car, a reasonably convienient comfortable sheltering home, electricity and a cell phone to raise a kid, hold jobs, shop, get to schools and do everything else in ever larger area, dispersed services modern communities. It takes a personal small truck or van and larger trucks to run many small business or handle larger items people use. It takes phones, computer internet and electricity to do everything before and between mobility. This is true every where in the world. For the last 150 plus years it also takes limited fuel supplies and some limited materials supplies to keep everything in industrial economies working. Either we change our energy sources to industrial large population unlimited supplies or we can no longer continue to raise large numbers of kids in healthy even self sustaining environments. Railroads and aircraft are not needed anywhere to make road based economies run. Planes add s
This project started separately at the same time the guideway ideas were emerging. At that time my wife and I were setting up a complex household Out of the then 63 year old massonary Lancaster County home. Everything had to be remodeled and refurbished. We were broke most of the time but were salvagers. Trash removal was on our own for a multi family household and over the years increasing. We started to recycle.
Maintaining the institutional water supply, sewage system, plumbing, electrical system as well as increasing and rearranging apartments in our 20,000 square feet of concrete structure floor area house six acres and decorating the property were educating tasks.
Every year saw several remodeling and maintaining everything projects. It was learn as we went about what was common practice and creatively trying out to us new ideas. My errors in judgement were many and budget limitations caused debt accumulation, wasting income on interest payments. Inversely our house became an income producing property which paid for some of the debt beyond outside job earnings.
I feel still like a little child, every year learning what life is all about, still stumbling, learning to walk In a technical world.
Humanity is similarly leabring collectively what works best and what does not. Like smokers and alcohol and drug users the collective choices we institutionally make together and individually are killing our otherwise stable environment. Like smokers who think they can’t quit, we justify how we do things as the only choices we have, as the best ways because like smoking and drinking personal road vehicles and inefficient houses make us feel better even if they are bad for us all.
Every wet freeze thaw winter, every place north, we have tens of thousands of local spring pot holes to fix. These damage cars and trucks and cost Americans alone about ten billion dollars a year. Every year the crews repair the same and new potholes without ever analyzing why this is happening other than to state the obvious and continue to use the same asphalt and tar repair systems used for a hundred years.
By drilling a hole several feet under each pothole with a 2 inch roto hammer to about two feet down, then filling it with gravel creating a Dutch drain then using a under cutter of new design like a dentist does to hold a filling in place only to hold the patch in place, then filling with high strength fiber reinforced grout you can make permant pot hole repairs.
In March 2019 I decided to read all that was readily available on the subject of pot hole and street repair. I had already had five decades of concrete construction experience including studying materials chemistry and sub grade behavior. I had seen many new materials introductions and read in engineering developmental journals about every subject starting clear back in the 1870s.
Habits of assumed choices made were so universal that amongst the civil engineering technical papers on the subject of street design little useful has been learned since I was a kid. Asphalt repairs that last a few months to 13 years on average 13 years are still standard In pavement overlays that last about ten years and new streets that last 30 to 40 years.
No attempt ever existed that I could find to increase the tensil strength and section moments of railways or pavement slabs or systematicly improve sub base drainage the usual cause of freeze thaw problems.
Like a smoker who eats healthy foods to compensate for a pack a day habit, in every country on the planet engineers and decision makers were trying the same things with rare exceptions did not work well in past years.
It has long been possible to lay down at about double the cost pavements that last crack and failure free for a century or more the cost to benifits ratios are only practical when new traffic and vehicle systems reduce the requirement for so much pavement area. The flexibility of surface running vehicles to go almost every where has to be limited to eliminate constant mobility systems maintainence.
If this rethinking how we use vehicles can not be done then we need to adopt single pass tracked or plate compactor asphalt firming over a mesh two layer base as a overlay system on concrete high section moment waffle firmed dirt fiber cement thin top layer pavements. A net of small drain tubes or Dutch well drainage holes has to assure no moisture concentration build up under the concrete slab or between the asphalt top layer. This is vastly more complex that anything for at any know time on our planet.
Even a hundred years ago we could have developed pavement laying machinery to create these conditions but simply refused to do it. Tests showed these ideas worked but they required making changes from common simple practices and introducing new ways of doing everything done everywhere.
Packaging of all the products I bought was most of the garbage I had to dispose of. Recycling centers are new and allow elimination of about two thirds of our waste. This is still not enough. About thirty five years ago I looked into the cost of a universally reusable packaging system for all liquid to granular products. This required that air exposure be eliminated to prevent gardening or a non stick inner coating be provided that would not wear off after hundreds of cleanings and reuses. Thin shell beatable stainless steel standard volume containers could be nested for return shipping for reuse. A new form of thin ink reusable labeling is needed that uses electric abalation cleaning for the new Kabyles at little environmental cost, even reusing the washed ink for some purpose.
Open for ideas and guests on the phone or at my home and Westview Bed and Breakfast in Lincoln Nebraska. I will charge little or nothing for guideway guests. See westviewbb.com
This is an amature life time project to lower the cost and increase the speed of all personal and commercial mobility. The same guideway structures and components build homes and commercial buildings, install and operate ultra deep geothermal power generation and further guideway installation. Help is requested.
7000 Northwest 27th Street, Lincoln, Nebraska 68524, United States
Phone 402-416-5235 Call any time for questions and ideas or just to discuss issues, objection or errors in presentation. This was created because no one else ever tried to solve all problems with one system that I could find.
This is a nonproprietary open source presentation.
mist of these ideas in their basic form are already covered by long used and publicly demonstrated devices and components that have occasionally been patented decades to over a century ago.
All ideas in here are free to be used by anybody. All word combinations above can be copied, exchanged or edited for improvement without any permission and claimed as your own if you choose.
The domain remains proprietary as well as the evolving site building remains a protected status to preserve the consents from corruption or dilution.
People as individuals and institutions or industries are encouraged to write their own versions and engineer, build, test and sell their own systems specifications and products.
A final standard will evolve or the human race will cease to progress along these lines and take the deteriorating human economy directions that we can all read about in libraries full of minute details.
Jim Burden 2019